Frankincense essential oil on a wooden background

There are a lot of Gums in the Nature, lets see some of these:

Gum Acacia, Gum Arabic Acacia

senegal, A.seyal from Arabia, Senegal and Somalia in which it’s known as chaar gund, char goond, or meska. It is a natural edible gum comprised of hardened sap from the acacia trees. It has many applications including incense cones.

Gum Acaroidea or Gum Blackboy

It is an aromatic resinous gum in the Australian grass tree or Blackboy-a native plant in the genus Xanthorrhoea. Their trunks abound with a potent aromatic resin called Blackboy Gum or Acaroid Gum.

Gum Agarwood

Aloeswood Aquilaria malaccensis occasionally called jinko or oud is a rare and valuable wood that’s burned as incense and used as perfume. Western and Oriental individuals enjoy its distinctive, soothing scent and religious influence in their meditations but stocks of the uncontrolled origin have dwindled and trees currently listed as possibly jeopardized.

Gum Amber

many fossilized resins are called amber with those from the northern hemisphere claiming first to be understood and that by the Baltic area most valued. The resin originates from many species and a few are produced from pine resins New Zealand Amber or Kauri Gum is a subfossil Copal in the kauri trees Agathis australis woods that covered the islands prior to white settlement.

Gum Ammoniac

is an aromatic gum from damaged stems of the shrub Ammoniac Dorema ammoniacum. This occurs naturally through stings of a beetle. The chewing gum is a conventional adhesive for gilding and applying gold leaf after extensive filtering and groundwork and was used by scribes in ancient times because it is used by artists and craftsmen today. The gum may be applied successfully to dry on various surfaces and materials. It doesn’t have outstanding odor but it was considered sacred and in use in incense in Libya in worship of Jupiter.

Gum Asafoetida

from Iran and Afghanistan can be used in food, medicine and perfume ingredient. In its raw state its odour is extremely objectionable but can be utilized in food preparations to benefit by those familiar with conventional preparations. Other uses are as creature baits for wolf and a few fish; as a fly trap for moths. Humans use it in preparing a positive psychic discipline against bad influences.

Gum, Balm of Gilead

Balsam of Mecca Commiphora gileadensis in the Mediterranean area and Arabia. Cherished because of its curative properties and sought after by kings and temple priests. There is considerable mystique associated with this material and its magical properties.

Gum Balsam of Peru

Balsam of Tolu Myroxylon balsamum, M.peruiferum, Toluifera pereirae, used in medicine and in perfume and incense preparations. A response to Balsam of Peru is used to indicate any allergic reaction to fragrance. It is a sticky aromatic harvested from cutting the bark of this tree Myroxolon balsamum, a shrub that is native to El Salvador. Its odor is a combination of vanilla and cinnamon with citric tones is in demand in the perfume industry. It is adaptable to stronger personality perfumes, or gentle florals and gives a trusted fixative.

Gum Bdellium (Gum Guggal)

Commiphora wightii, C. africana, C.stocksiana (Indian). Is an aromatic gum which is exudes from the tree. It is used as a perfume fixative and in certain perfumers’ unique formulations. Known since early times with Theophrasts first to mention it like a thorn tree producing tears of resin including myrrh. In China, bdellium, called an hsi hsiang or known as the Parthian blossom was one of the kinds of incense that attained China across the Silk Route.

Gum Benzoin

Gum Benjamin, Benzoin Tree, Styrax, Styrax benzoin This is a shrub from Indonesia and Sumatra, the primary source of benzoin resin. Its common names are also, Loban (Arabic) or kemenyan in Indonensia and Malaysia. This resin formerly commonly known as Gum Benjamin was used as a perfume, incense and as a medicine in the early commerce of the Phoenicians at the interval B.C. Legend has it Styrax incense functions to deter snakes which inhibited harvesting. The resin is balsamic and is used in perfumes, incense and also medicinally. It has popular appeal because of is pleasing vanilla kind of odor and the resin’s fixative properties. It remains a significant part of the sort of Christian church incense.

Gum Cedarwood

Cedrus libani Cedar of Lebanon pine cone showing flecks of resin as used in the mummification process of this early Egyptians. For many hundreds of years that the Cedar of Lebanon has become the national symbol of Lebanon. It is among the most sacred trees yet currently suffering present conditions that endanger the trees that have survived centuries. The resin is thought to directly impart strength to people who inhale and are responsive to its fumes and affect.

Gum Cistus

Gum labdanum Cistus ladaniferus or Rock Rose is a species found in Spain that produces this sticky material with strong aromatic character. Once in good demand as an aromatic.

Gum Copal

Hymenaea courbaril, Bursena odorata is used in production of incense and to specifically provide viscosity where industrial functions require it. Copal is a title given to the aromatic tree resin which has a composition of immature amber. The title copalli in the older Mayan language means incense and still in use as such by native people of Central America. Copal was also increased in East Africa (the common species there being Hymenaea verrucosa.

Gum Dammar

comes in the tree Canarium strictum and occasionally collected from the floor. It can be used in foods in addition to incense and other preparations like varnishing of oil paintings once the gum is mixed with turpentine.

Gum Dragon’s Blood

is the gray or yellow resin from many genera Shorea, Balancocarpus and Hopea obtained by tapping the trees. However the glowing red resin called Dragon’s Blood stems from different species of Croton, Dracaena, Daemonorops, Calamus and Pterocarpus. Valued in medicine and in used for centuries .

Gum Elemi

The tropical Elemi shrub Canarium luzonicum,is native to the Philippines and generates a soft resin using a mild, refreshing odor, lightly spicy with a touch of lemon. It is a lovely room odor. He odor has a harmonising effect especially suited to visualization and meditation, helping aa state of deep peacefulness without drowsiness.

Gum Frankincense

Olibanum Boswellia sacra, B. carteri creates a resin imported straight from Somalia. This is the most well known and appreciated traditional resinous aromatics used for centuries because of its subtle influence to raise the human soul – whether thought, devotion, meditation or prayer. It is the most favoured aromatic used as an oil or as resin with legend closely connected with the Christ child and the present from the Three Wise Men. Trees have been heavily exploited and aren’t regarded as endangered species.

Gum Kauri

New Zealand Amber, kauri gum from Agathis australis, like authentic amber, occasionally includes insects and plant material in its early stages or fossilized form. Other Kauri species also exude gum from the heavy trunks or branches. The burning fumes are used in traditional healing practices and many species offer incense material.

Gum Mastic

resin in the tree Pistacia lentiscus is a transparent, lemon-white colored, tear-shaped natural resin popular in historical Greece, Egypt, and the Mediterranean area. It was a vital ingredient in their early”Kyphi” recipes in developing a mild, balsamic, fresh, and gentle fragrance called”the fragrance that pleases the gods.” It is cleansing, clarifying and emotionally refreshing. Mastic in addition to providing a subtle brain lubricant was used in embalming. In addition to its use in incense it’s used as a chewing gum and in foods. Mastic works nicely for reflection and meditation with its glowing, radiant energy.

Gum Myrrh

is the aromatic natural oleoresin from a small, thorny shrub species of the genus Commiphora,myrrh and C. momol from Yemen and Ethiopia. The gum is yellow and may be opaque or clear. It darkens profoundly as it ages, and white stripes emerge. Myrrh was used in the religious rituals of the early Egyptians and has been an ingredient in Ketoret, the sacred incense of Jerusalem as listed in the Hebrew Bible and Talmud. As that the Christian legend states, myrrh was a present of the Three Wise Men was to assist Jesus him conquer the pain that was to follow at his crucifixion. Myrrh is the medication to relieve pain of several kinds. It is a regular part of incense used in healing rituals.

Gum Opoponax

Sweet Myrrh, Opopanax chironium The plant flourishes in the warmer climates of Iran, Greece and Somalia but is reasonably elastic in cooler climates even though the resin material is claimed to be poor in quality. The highly flammable resin is burned as incense has a balsamic scent likened to lavender. It is used medicinally to relieve spasms, asthma and hysteria. Legend has it that Opopanax was regarded by King Solomon as the noblest of incense gums.

Imperial Opoponax

relies on a combination of sweet resinous odor of opoponax combined with oriental ingredients known as the noblest such as benzoin, sandalwood, amber and vanilla.

Gum Pine Resin

refers to the gum from a selection of sources of conifers or pines including Pinus jefferyi from U.S. and Pinus pinaster, P. palustris, P. sylvestris and P. halepensis a from Europe. Many resins are appreciated as constituents of perfumes and incense. The English word originates in the late 14th century Old French resine, from L. resina”resin,” from Greek rhetine”resin of the pine,” of unknown earlier source. The gum is thought to hold the captured energies and energy of sunlight and it reflects strong masculine traits and possessions. Resin includes a enormous array of practical applications.

Gum Sandarac

Gum Juniper comes from Callitris quadrivalcis in Africa and other conifers in Morocco and Australia. Pale yellowish resin tears are delicate and clear as amber. This is among the earliest known therapeutic resins. It can be used by artists and people needing work requiring a mild yellow resin. It is a frequent ingredient in incense and male toiletries.

Gum Sweetgum

Liquidambar formosana, L. Styrax, L. styraciflua The sap harvested from the Liquidambar tree hardens enough to be chewed like a chewing gum which heals many problems as is the habit of many in the southern American states. The Chinese think its worth in medicine and are conscious of its subtle beneficial influence and appreciated scent.

Gum Tragacanth

from Astragalus gummifer is native to Iran. The organic dried sap from this and many other species such as A. adscendens, A. brachycalyx and A tragacanthus, are sources of shiraz gum or gum dragon. This is highly appreciated as medication when applied externally for burns and traditionally for tumours. Modern research is exploring its own anti-tumour properties and there are signs it might stimulate the immune system. There is insufficient evidence at present of its entire value in aromatherapy when applied to psychiatric clinic.

Gum Yerba Santa

Gum Bush, Sacred Bush Eriodictyon glutinosum from California is aromatic and used in medicine once to mask the taste of quinine. Yerba santa, which literally means sacred herb in Spanish, used for centuries by indigenous Americans in curing an assortment of illnesses, mainly associated with the lungs and digestion. The herb also used as a tonic to cleanse the blood, tone the nervous system and stimulate the brain. It has a sweet flavor but with a hint of bitterness. The herb is used in native ritualistic use burnt as incense in addition to in liquid infusion as oral medication.