Sunset apple tree  -  young tree covered with heavy crop - old cooking variety of sour fruit.

You’re an avid gardener. However, don’t have enough room to live out your passion for gardening. Dwarf trees are the solution. The dwarf fruit tree is a smaller shrub but will still create regular sized fruits. Miniature fruit trees are extremely popular with balcony and backyard gardeners who want an assortment of their favorite fruits.


Growing your dwarf fruit trees in your backyard or patio is possible with a little bit of effort. Soon a miniature orchard will be on the terrace.

Dwarf fruit trees are ideal where you just have a limited quantity of outdoor space. The dwarf fruit trees can really be left in potted containers. Soon you’ll have a large crop of fruit growing directly in your terrace or apartment balcony. Delicious fruit will be accessible on your home for seasons to come.

First, decide the perfect spot you need to set the tree. Take in account the amount of shade and sun it will need.

Tree Varieties

You can choose from a vast assortment of trees such as apple, cherry. Select your fruit tree depending on the amount of sun or shade it requires. Apple trees require loads of sun with good air flow. Space the dwarf fruit trees so that it don’t get too overcrowded on the terrace. Planting is best done in late fall. Protect the roots and keep them moist until they are planted. Reducing the size of these trees can be achieved in four ways.

Dwarfing Rootstocks

Branches of fruit trees are grafted to dwarf rootstocks to generate smaller trees. Their are several varieties of dwarfing rootstock available which limit the tree’s growth. For a backyard orchard, it is possible to grow a number of smaller trees of your favorite fruit,one big tree with a couple of unique varieties grafted onto it. Some dwarfing rootstocks are better suited to dry and poor soil, where other rootstocks will require top quality soil. Miniature or dwarfing rootstock isn’t the same across all fruit varieties. It is possible to create 3 to four foot high dwarf apples, but a dwarf cherry tree remains a shrub 18 to 20 feet tall.

Your local nursery should be able to let you know what rootstock their dwarf trees are grown on. Specialist nurseries will graft the types you would like, on appropriate rootstocks for your goal. If you would like a apple on a rootstock for a cordon or espalier, ask your own fruit nursery if they can give you a specific selection and rootstock combination best suited to your soil, and the sort of pruning you would like to do.

Genetic dwarf fruit trees

Genetic miniature trees are trees, which are extremely brief with heavy branches. They aren’t regular sized trees created smaller and also you might not have the ability to obtain your favorite apple or cherry variety as a genetic dwarf. These are most often peaches, nectarines, almonds, apricots and apples, small enough to grow in pots. Depending where you live, they may require winter protection.

Controlled pruning

Pruning methods produce fruit trees of a more manageable size. These trees could be on routine rootstock. Espaliers, where the tree are grown flat on a set of wires on a construction or between places, or cordons, where solitary straight branches are interwoven to make fence patterns are the two most common kinds of controlled pruning. Many miniature fruit trees could be espaliered or grown as a cordon, which decorate structures, or for growing flat against the security of a wall.

Dwarf Tree Growth in Pots.

Fruit trees increased in Pots, with limited soil and root development, can be dwarfed in precisely the exact same manner a bonsai tree is dwarfed, with traces of the branches and roots at the right time of year. By developing the pot grown varieties on dwarfing rootstocks you can further limit their size.

Most trees can be grown in large containers (10 to 15 inches),with the exception of cherry trees, which require larger potsup to 18 inches. Fruit in pots should be grown in fertile soil with 1/3 of this soil mix being perlite or vermiculite to keep the soil from becoming waterlogged. You can use slow release fertilizer pellets, or feed them every 2 weeks with a high potassium liquid feeding. Fruit trees in pots should be repotted every couple of years after leaf fall. When your tree has reached its mature size, it needs to be root pruned every other year and replaced back inside’ place with approximately 20% fresh soil. Root pruning for this purpose should eliminate at least the outer inch of roots.