Hartriegel: The silky dogwood grows best in the water’s edge in partial and full sunlight and can be anywhere from three to eight feet in height. Birds and small mammals are attracted to it. It flowers in the spring and in summer time, it’s attractive white flowers with blue flowers in summer time. The winter produces reddish stalks. It has the capacity to root from cuttings and is frequently utilised in shoreline and stream bank restoration projects.
Another of those native shrubs and trees is the Fragrant Sumach. It requires a dry, upland site for planting and full sunlight. It grows from eight to twenty feet in height. It’s a thicket-forming shrub and is a fantastic plant for controlling erosion on road cuts and other sloping areas with poor dry soils. It flowers in the spring and has yellow flowers and red fruits that remain on the plant throughout the winter. In the autumn, it produces beautiful red foliage.
A third of the native shrubs and trees is the Pawpaw. It grows on a moist upland site close to the water’s edge in partial and full sunlight. It can grow in height from right to twenty feet. It flowers in the spring and produces the largest edible fruit of any plant indigenous to America, eaten by raccoons and other smaller mammals. Therefore, it had been cultivated by native American tribes . In the autumn, it blossom becomes yellowish in color.
A tree that’s among the indigenous shrubs and trees is the American Beech. It grows on moist upland sites with a shallow root system in partial and full sunlight. It blooms in the spring and will to over 50 feet in height. It’s a golden bronze color in the fall and makes a fantastic nest for smaller mammals and birds. It produces edible nuts which are consumed by turkeys and other wildlife.
Finally, a tree that’s among those native shrubs and trees is the Sugar Maple. It may grow on moist to dry upland sites in full sun, partial sun and full shade. It maximum height reaches 50 feet. Additionally it is referred to as the rock or hard maple and its sap is the principle source of maple syrup. Its fall colours are brilliant orange and yellow.
Native plant species
SHADBUSH OR SERVICEBERRY
(Amelanchier canadensis) Height: 6′-20′, Spread: 10′. Erect stems, often clumped. Blends nicely on the edge of woodland or tree border with evergreen background. Important berry producer during the early summer months. Fruit eaten by bluebirds, cardinals, and tanagers. Foliage is used by browsers.
(Aronia arbutifolia) Height: 6′-10′, Spread: 3′-5′. Upright multistemmed tree, somewhat open and curved. Adaptable to many soil types . Full sun to half shade. Used in mass and border plantings. Fruit eaten by grouse, chickadees and other songbirds.
(Clethra alnifolia) Height: 3′-8′, Spread: 4′-6′. Oval, round topped, erect, dense leafy shrub. Transplant into moist, organic soils. Full sun or shade. Excellent for summer flower, tree boundary. Good plant for wet locations and heavy shade. Limited wildlife value.
(Cornus sericea) Height: 7′-9′, Spread: 10′. Loose, wide spreading, rounded multistemmed shrub. Spreads freely. Adaptable to a wide variety of soil conditions. Does well in moist soil. Excellent for mass plantings in huge areas. Effective bank to hold lands. Cuttings can easily be established in early spring: just prune the new expansion, dip the cut end in a rooting hormone, such as ROOTONE, and push cut end to the ground. These shrubs establish themselves easily, and are a valuable wildlife food. High wildlife value for fruit and navigate. Used by a huge selection of mammals and songbirds, such as cardinals, evening grosbeaks, robins, thrush, vireos and cedar waxwing.
(Ilex glabra) Height: 6′-8′, Spread: 8′-10′. Upright multibranched, rounded shrub. Prefers moist, acid soils. Excellent for foundations, hedges, mass plantings and as accent plant. Berries used by a vast array of wildlife. “Compacta” cultivar is a dwarf variety and is more easily available.
(Ilex verticillata) Height: 6′-10′, Spread: same. Oval, rounded, deciduous shrub holly. Tends to form multistemmed clumps. Does well in heavy and light soils. Prefers moist, organic soils. Excellent for mass plantings and tree borders. Red fruit is beautiful in winter. A male plant is essential for fertilization. Used extensively by many songbirds, especially thrushes, mockingbirds, robins, bluebirds, and thrashers.
(Itea virginica) Height: 3′-5′, Spread: 6′-8′. Erect shrub with clustered branches. Prefers moist, fertile soils. Full sun or shade. Suited for wet locations. Excellent fall color. Fruit capsules are used by a few songbirds.