The urine is normally a sterile fluid which incorporates salts and waste products however it doesn’t have any bacteria, fungi or viruses. When tiny organisms, usually the digestive tract bacteria cling to the urethra opening and multiply, an infection arises.
It is a tube which permits urine to come out of the body from the urinary bladder. Most common bacteria responsible for uti infections is E. coli or Escherichia coli which resides within the colon. When an infection is restricted to the urethra, it’s called urethritis. When an infection spreads to the bladder, cystitis occurs. If cystitis is not treated on time, the bacteria can travel to the ureters, multiply and trigger an infection to the kidneys causing pyelonephritis or kidney infection.
Other microorganisms which can trigger UTI are Chlamydia and Mycoplasma. Infections attributable to these microorganisms are often restricted to the urethra and the reproductive system. These may be sexually transmitted and each partners must be treated, unlike E. coli infections.
The structure of the urinary system is such that the ureters and bladder don’t enable urine to circulate back up in the direction of the kidneys. The urine flow downwards from the bladder helps to wash off the bacteria out of the body. This structure wards off possibility of an infection. The immune system protects both sexes from infection. In males, the secretions from the prostate gland decelerate bacterial development. But, infections can still happen.
Home Ideas for dealing with UTI
- Urinate as soon as you are feeling the urge even if it is frequently. Don’t hold back or wait for long.
- Drink plenty of cranberry juice, herbal teas and water all through the day. Not less than ½ liter of cranberry juice a day has a therapeutic impact.
- Preserve good hygiene by wiping the genital area frequently with a soft tissue from the front to the back. This prevents micro organism from the anal area to move in the direction of the vagina or urethra.
- Wear loose fitting cotton underwear.
- Avoid using perfumed douches or scent on the genital area.