|Subgenus:||Vaccinium subg. Vaccinium|
|Section:||Vaccinium sect. Myrtillus|
Vaccinium myrtillus or European blueberry is a holarctic species of shrub with edible fruit of blue color, known by the common names bilberry, blaeberry, wimberry, and whortleberry. It is more precisely called common bilberry or blue whortleberry, to distinguish it from other Vaccinium relatives. Regional names include blaeberry (Scotland & Northern England), urts or hurts (Cornwall & Devon), hurtleberry, huckleberry, myrtleberry, wimberry, whinberry, winberry, blueberry, and fraughan. Chromosome count is 2n =24. Vaccinium myrtillus has much in common with the American blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum).
Probably of North Germanic origin (Danish bøllebær), from Old Norse bolli (Proto-Germanic *bullǭ) + ber.
- IPA(key): /ˈbɪlb(ə)ɹɪ/
bilberry (plural bilberries)
- Vaccinium myrtillus, the wild European blueberry of the cowberry family.
- The shrub of the above-mentioned plant.
Also see the translations of blueberry
- “bilberry” in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton