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|Cultivar group||Chinensis Group, Pekinensis Group|
|Origin||China, before the 15th century|
|Cultivar group members||Many; see text|
Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa, subspecies pekinensis and chinensis) can refer to two cultivar groups of leaf vegetables often used in Chinese cuisine: the Pekinensis Group (napa cabbage) and the Chinensis Group (bok choy).
These vegetables are both variant cultivars or subspecies of the turnip and belong to the same genus as such Western staples as cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower. Both have many variations in name, spelling, and scientific classification, especially bok choy cultivars.
- bak choy, bokchoi, bok choi, pak choi, baicai, pe-tsai, petsai, patchoi
Borrowed from Cantonese 白菜 (baak6 coi3, “white vegetable”). Doublet of pechay.
- (General American) enPR: bŏk'choi', IPA(key): /ˌbɒkˈt͡ʃɔɪ/
bok choy (uncountable)
- Chinese cabbage, Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis, an East Asian leafy vegetable related to the Western cabbage.
- (Chinese cabbage)