Ausbildung von Chlorella unter dem Mikroskop in Lab.

Chlorella vulgaris

Chlorella (Wikipedia)

Chlorella vulgaris NIES2170.jpg
Chlorella vulgaris
Scientific classification e
M.Beijerinck, 1890

Chlorella is a genus of about thirteen species of single-celled green algae belonging to the division Chlorophyta. The cells are spherical in shape, about 2 to 10 μm in diameter, and are without flagella. Their chloroplasts contain the green photosynthetic pigments chlorophyll-a and -b. In ideal conditions cells of Chlorella multiply rapidly, requiring only carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and a small amount of minerals to reproduce.

The name Chlorella is taken from the Greek χλώρος, chlōros/ khlōros, meaning green, and the Latin diminutive suffix ella, meaning small. German biochemist and cell physiologist Otto Heinrich Warburg, awarded with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1931 for his research on cell respiration, also studied photosynthesis in Chlorella. In 1961, Melvin Calvin of the University of California received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his research on the pathways of carbon dioxide assimilation in plants using Chlorella.

Chlorella has been considered as a source of food and energy because its photosynthetic efficiency can reach 8%, which exceeds that of other highly efficient crops such as sugar cane.

Chlorella (Wiktionary)




A use as a common noun of the genus name Chlorella.


chlorella (plural chlorellae or chlorellas)

  1. Any single-celled green alga, of the genus Chlorella, found especially in stagnant water; now produced commercially as a food supplement.
    • 2002, Paul Pitchford, Healing with Whole Foods: Asian Traditions and Modern Nutrition, North Atlantic Books →ISBN, page 233
      Many people use chlorella for a nutrient factor isolated in the 1950s and not available in other green foods: "Chlorella Growth Factor" (CGF). CGF is related to the special nature of chlorella's nucleic acid. The nucleic acid in the human body  ...


  • 1985 reference
  • 2003 reference
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