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|Illustration of Vicia faba in flower|
Faba sativa Moench.
Vicia faba, also known in the culinary sense as the broad bean, fava bean, or faba bean, is a species of vetch as a flowering plant in the pea and bean family Fabaceae. It is widely cultivated as a crop for human consumption, and also as a cover crop. Varieties with smaller, harder seeds that are fed to horses or other animals are called field bean, tic bean or tick bean. Horse bean, Vicia faba var. equina Pers., is a variety recognized as an accepted name.
Some people suffer from favism, a hemolytic response to the consumption of broad beans, a condition linked to a metabolism disorder known as G6PDD. Otherwise the beans, with the outer seed coat removed, can be eaten raw, other than beans, or cooked. In young plants, the outer seed coat can be eaten, and in very young plants, the seed pod can be eaten.
fava + bean, from Italian fava.
fava bean (plural fava beans)
- An edible bean (Vicia faba) native to Africa and Southwest Asia with a long tradition of cultivation.
- (Vicia faba): broad bean, faba bean, horse bean, field bean, tic bean, bell bean, Windsor bean
- Vicia faba on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Vicia faba on Wikispecies