Hartweizen

Ein helles Weizenfeld, mehrere Hartweizen-Ährchen im Vordergrund mit langen Stängeln, schön der Farbkontrast zwischen dem goldgelben Weizen und dem grünen Hintergrund
Kategorien: Medizinalpflanze
Durum Wheat (Wikipedia)

Durum
Triticum durum.jpg
Durum wheat
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Monocots
Clade:Commelinids
Order:Poales
Family:Poaceae
Subfamily:Pooideae
Genus:Triticum
Species:
T. durum
Binomial name
Triticum durum
Synonyms
List
    • Triticum accessorium Flaksb. nom. inval.
    • Triticum alatum Peterm.
    • Triticum algeriense Desf. ex Mert. & W.D.J.Koch nom. inval.
    • Triticum bauhinii Lag.
    • Triticum brachystachyum Lag. ex Schult. & Schult.f. nom. inval.
    • Triticum candissimum Bayle-Bar.
    • Triticum caucasicum Flaksb. nom. inval.
    • Triticum cevallos Lag.
    • Triticum cochleare Lag.
    • Triticum densiusculum Flaksb. nom. inval.
    • Triticum fastuosum Lag.
    • Triticum hordeiforme Host
    • Triticum laxiusculum Flaksb. nom. inval.
    • Triticum longisemineum Flaksb. nom. inval.
    • Triticum maurorum Sennen nom. inval.
    • Triticum molle Roem. & Schult. nom. inval.
    • Triticum orientale Flaksb. nom. inval.
    • Triticum platystachyum Lag.
    • Triticum pruinosum Hornem.
    • Triticum pyramidale Percival
    • Triticum rarum Flaksb. nom. inval.
    • Triticum rimpaui Mackey
    • Triticum siculum Roem. & Schult.
    • Triticum tanaiticum Flaksb. nom. inval.
    • Triticum tiflisiense Flaksb. nom. inval.
    • Triticum tomentosum Bayle-Bar.
    • Triticum transcaucasicum Flaksb. nom. inval.
    • Triticum trevisium Desv. nom. inval.
    • Triticum venulosum Ser.
    • Triticum villosum Host

Durum wheat (/ˈdjʊərəm/), also called pasta wheat or macaroni wheat (Triticum durum or Triticum turgidum subsp. durum), is a tetraploid species of wheat. It is the second most cultivated species of wheat after common wheat, although it represents only 5% to 8% of global wheat production. It was developed by artificial selection of the domesticated emmer wheat strains formerly grown in Central Europe and the Near East around 7000 BC, which developed a naked, free-threshing form. Like emmer, durum wheat is awned (with bristles). It is the predominant wheat that grows in the Middle East.

Durum in Latin means "hard", and the species is the hardest of all wheats. This refers to the resistance of the grain to milling, in particular of the starchy endosperm, implying dough made from its flour is weak or "soft". This makes durum favorable for semolina and pasta and less practical for flour, which requires more work than with hexaploid wheats like common bread wheats. Despite its high protein content, durum is not a strong wheat in the sense of giving strength to dough through the formation of a gluten network. Durum contains 27% extractable wet gluten, about 3% higher than in common wheat (T. aestivum L.).

Durum Wheat (Wiktionary)

English

Noun

durum wheat (countable and uncountable, plural durum wheats)

  1. Triticum turgidum subsp. durum, syn. Triticum durum (hard wheat), the flour of which is used to make pasta and bread.
    Synonyms: durum, hard wheat, pasta wheat
    Antonym: soft wheat

Translations

Further reading

  • durum wheat on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Triticum turgidum subsp. durum on Wikispecies.Wikispecies
  • Triticum turgidum subsp. durum on Wikimedia Commons.Wikimedia Commons
  • durum wheat at USDA Plants database
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