Hirtentäschel

Getrocknetes Hirtentäschelkraut Wildkräuter - Getrocknetes Hirtentäschelkraut Wildkräuter
Kategorien: Medizinalpflanze

Shepherd's purse
A Field of Shepherd’s-purse.jpg
Flowering and fruiting
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Brassicales
Family:Brassicaceae
Genus:Capsella
Species:
C. bursa-pastoris
Binomial name
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Synonyms
List
    • Bursa abscissa (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa alandica (Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa anglica (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa astoris Weber
    • Bursa batavorum (Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa belgica (Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa bremensis (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa brittonii (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa bursa-pastoris (L.) Shafer
    • Bursa bursa-pastoris var. heteris Shull
    • Bursa bursa-pastoris var. integrifolia Farw.
    • Bursa bursa-pastoris var. minor Farw.
    • Bursa bursa-pastoris var. rhomboidea Shull
    • Bursa bursa-pastoris var. simplex (Hus) Shull
    • Bursa bursa-pastoris var. tenuis Shull
    • Bursa concava (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa divaricata (Walp.) Kuntze
    • Bursa djurdjurae Shull
    • Bursa druceana (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa gallica (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa germanica (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa grossa (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa heegeri (Solms) Shull
    • Bursa hiatula (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa integrella (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa laevigata (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa mediterranea (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa occidentalis var. concava Shull
    • Bursa occidentalis subsp. madeirae Shull
    • Bursa orientalis Shull
    • Bursa origo (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa patagonica (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa penarthae Shull
    • Bursa pergrossa (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa robusta (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa segetum (E.B.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa sinuosa (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa sublaevigata (Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa trevirorum (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa turoniensis (E.G.Almq.) Druce
    • Bursa viguieri (Blaringhem) Shull
    • Bursa viminalis (Almq.) Druce
    • Capsella abscissa (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella acutifolia Raf.
    • Capsella aestivalis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella agrestis Jord.
    • Capsella agrestis-rubella Paill.
    • Capsella alandica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella algida (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella alpestris (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella altissima (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella amblodes Raf.
    • Capsella angermannica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella anglica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella angustiloba (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella apetala Opiz
    • Capsella austriaca Sennen
    • Capsella autumnalis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella batavorum (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella belgica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella bicuspis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella bifida Raf.
    • Capsella biformis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella bottnica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella bremensis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella brevisiliqua (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella brittonii (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella bursa Raf.
    • Capsella bursa-pastoris f. attenuata Hus
    • Capsella bursa-pastoris var. bifida Crép.
    • Capsella bursa-pastoris var. integrifolia DC.
    • Capsella bursa-pastoris var. minor DC.
    • Capsella bursa-pastoris var. pinnata Makino
    • Capsella bursa-pastoris f. pinnatifida (Schltr.) Jovan.-Dunj.
    • Capsella bursa-pastoris var. rubriflora Muschl.
    • Capsella bursa-pastoris var. stenocarpa Crép.
    • Capsella calmariensis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella caucasica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella cavata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella collina (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella compacta (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella convexiformis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella cordata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella coroncpus (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella cuneiformis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella cuneolata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella curvisiliqua (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella cuspidata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella dentata Raf.
    • Capsella denticulata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella difformis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella diodonta (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella divaricata Walp.
    • Capsella druceana (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella elegans (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella emarginata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella erecta Walp.
    • Capsella exotica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella faucialis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella foliosa (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella frigida (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella fucorum (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella furcata Raf.
    • Capsella galicica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella gallica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella germanica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella gothica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella gotlandica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella gracilescens (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella grossa (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella grossotriangularis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella hanseatica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella heegeri Solms
    • Capsella helsingica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella herjedalica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella hians (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella hiatula (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella hiemalis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella hispida Hobk.
    • Capsella humilis Rouy & Foucaud
    • Capsella hyrcana Grossh.
    • Capsella incisura (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella integrella (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella integrifolia Hegetschw.
    • Capsella integrifolia Raf.
    • Capsella jemtlandica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella jeniseiensis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella kyphosa (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella lacerata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella laevigata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella lanceolatocaspica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella latisiliqua (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella lenaensis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella leptoloba (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella linearis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella lingulata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella lobulata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella longiracemosa Sennen
    • Capsella longirostris (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella longisiliqua (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella lulensis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella lutetiana (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella macroclada (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella matura (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella mediterranea (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella microcarpa (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella monasterialis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella nanella (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella nylandica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella obovata (Östman) Almq.
    • Capsella obtusa (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella odontophylla (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella oelandica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella origo (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella oviculata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella ovifera (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella pastoralis Dulac
    • Capsella pastoris Rupr.
    • Capsella patagonica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella penarthae (Shull) Wilmott
    • Capsella perconcava (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella perdentata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella pergrossa (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella perhians (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella perversa (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella pinnata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella pinnatofoliosa (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella poimenobalantion St.-Lag.
    • Capsella polymorpha Cav.
    • Capsella praecox Jord.
    • Capsella praematura (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella prionophylla (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella provincialis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella querceti (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella ramselensis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella rhenana Almq.
    • Capsella rhombea (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella robusta (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella rubella (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella rubelliformis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella rubelloagrestis Paill.
    • Capsella rubiginosa (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella ruderalis Jord.
    • Capsella salinula (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella savonica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella scanica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella scoliocaspica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella segetum (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella seleniaca (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella semilobata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella semirubella (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella sinuatolinearis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella sinuosa (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella smolandica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella stenocarpa (Crép.) Hobk.
    • Capsella stenocarpa Timb.-Lagr.
    • Capsella subalgida (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella subalpina (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella subarctica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella subbergiana (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella subcanescens (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella subcavata (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella subseleniaca (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella tenerescens (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella tibelensis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella tjustiana (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella trevirorum (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella triangularis St.-Lag.
    • Capsella turoniensis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella umensis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella ursina (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella varia (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella vestrogothica (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella viguieri Blaringhem
    • Capsella viminalis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Capsella virgata Jord.
    • Capsella viridis (E.B.Almq.) E.B.Almq.
    • Crucifera capsella E.H.L.Krause
    • Iberis bursa-pastoris Crantz
    • Lepidium bursa-pastoris Willd.
    • Nasturtium bursa-pastoris (L.) Roth
    • Opizia bursoides Raf.
    • Rodschiedia bursa-pastoris (Medik.) G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Schreb.
    • Thlaspi bursa-pastoris L.
    • Thlaspi cuneatum Stokes
    • Thlaspi infestum Salisb.
    • Thlaspi schrankii J.F.Gmel.

Capsella bursa-pastoris, known as shepherd's purse because of its triangular flat fruits, which are purse-like, is a small annual and ruderal flowering plant in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). It is native to eastern Europe and Asia minor, but is naturalized and considered a common weed in many parts of the world, especially in colder climates, including British Isles, where it is regarded as an archaeophyte, North America and China, but also in the Mediterranean and North Africa. C. bursa-pastoris is the second-most prolific wild plant in the world, and is common on cultivated ground and waysides and meadows.

Scientists have referred to this species as a 'protocarnivore', since it has been found that its seeds attract and kill nematodes as a means to locally enrich the soil.

Shepherd’s Purse (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

Alluding to the shape of its seed vessel. Compare mediaeval Latin bursa pastoris, French bourse-à-berger, German Hirtentasche.

Noun

shepherd's purse (uncountable)

  1. An edible weed, Capsella bursa-pastoris, family Brassicaceae, native to Europe but now found world-wide.
    Synonym: shepherd's pouch
    • 1612, Michael Drayton, Poly-Olbion song 13 p. 218[1]:
      To him that hath a flux, of Sheepheards purse he gives

Translations

Further reading

  • shepherd's purse on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Capsella bursa-pastoris on Wikispecies.Wikispecies
...
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