Japanische Aprikose

Die Frucht der Pflaumen-Aprikose in Japan. In Japan genannt

Prunus mume

Synonyme:
Wu Mei
Prunus_mume (Wikipedia)

Prunus mume
Prunus mume.JPG
Prunus mume blossoms
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Rosales
Family:Rosaceae
Genus:Prunus
Subgenus:Prunus subg. Prunus
Section:Prunus sect. Armeniaca
Species:
P. mume
Binomial name
Prunus mume
(Siebold) Siebold & Zucc.
Synonyms
  • Armeniaca mume Siebold
  • Armeniaca mume var. alba Carrière
  • Armeniaca mume var. alphandii Carrière
  • Armeniaca mume var. pubicaulina C. Z. Qiao & H. M. Shen
  • Armeniaca mume f. pendula (Siebold) H. Ohba & S. Akiyama
  • Prunopsis mume (Siebold) André
  • Prunus makinoensis Lév.
  • Prunus mume formosana Masam. ex Kudô & Masam.
  • Prunus mume microcarpa Makino
  • Prunus mume var. alboplena L. H. Bailey
  • Prunus mume var. laciniata Maxim.
  • Prunus mume var. pendula Siebold
  • Prunus mume var. rosea Ingram
  • Prunus mume var. tonsa Rehder
  • Prunus mume f. alba (Carrière) Rehder
  • Prunus mume f. alboplena (L. H. Bailey) Rehder
  • Prunus mume f. alphandii (Carrière) Rehder

Prunus mume is an East Asian and Southeast Asian tree species classified in the Armeniaca section of the genus Prunus subgenus Prunus. Its common names include Chinese plum, Japanese plum, and Japanese apricot. The flower, long a beloved subject in the traditional painting and poetry of East Asia and Vietnam, is usually called plum blossom. This distinct tree species is related to both the plum and apricot trees. Although generally referred to as a plum in English, it is more closely related to the apricot. In East Asian cuisine (Chinese, Japanese and Korean) and Vietnamese cuisine, the fruit of the tree is used in juices, as a flavouring for alcohol, as a pickle and in sauces. It is also used in traditional medicine.

The tree's flowering in late winter and early spring is highly regarded as a seasonal symbol.

Prunus mume should not be confused with Prunus salicina, a related species also grown in China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam. Another tree, Prunus japonica, is also a separate species despite having a Latin name similar to Prunus mume's common name.

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