Pfahlwurz

Hahnenfuß (Ficaria verna), Nahaufnahme des Blütenkopfes

Ficaria verna, Hahnenfuß (Ranunculus ficaria)

Synonyme:
Scharbockskraut
Ficaria_verna (Wikipedia)

Lesser celandine
Flowers (2425723494) cropped.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Order:Ranunculales
Family:Ranunculaceae
Genus:Ficaria
Species:
F. verna
Binomial name
Ficaria verna
Huds. 1762
Synonyms
Synonyms
  • Caltha hiranoi Tamura
  • Chelidonium minus Garsault [Invalid]
  • Ficaria ambigua Boreau
  • Ficaria aperta Schur
  • Ficaria boryi Heldr. ex Nyman
  • Ficaria bulbifera (Á.Löve & D.Löve) Holub
  • Ficaria communis Dum.Cours.
  • Ficaria degenii Harv.
  • Ficaria ficaria (L.) H.Karst. [Invalid]
  • Ficaria holubyi Schur
  • Ficaria intermedia Schur
  • Ficaria peloponnesiaca Nyman
  • Ficaria polypetala Gilib. [Invalid]
  • Ficaria pumila Velen. ex Bornm.
  • Ficaria ranunculiflora Moench ex St.-Lag.
  • Ficaria ranunculoides Roth [Illegitimate]
  • Ficaria robertii F.W.Schultz
  • Ficaria rotundifolia Schur
  • Ficaria stepporum P.A.Smirn.
  • Ficaria transsilvanica Schur
  • Ficaria varia Otsch.
  • Ficaria vulgaris J.St.-Hil.
  • Ranunculus ficaria L.

Ficaria verna, (formerly Ranunculus ficaria L.) commonly known as lesser celandine or pilewort, is a low-growing, hairless perennial flowering plant in the buttercup family Ranunculaceae native to Europe and west Asia. It has fleshy dark green, heart-shaped leaves and distinctive flowers with bright yellow, glossy petals. It is now introduced in North America, where it is known by the common name fig buttercup and considered an invasive species. The plant is poisonous if ingested raw and potentially fatal to grazing animals and livestock such as horses, cattle, and sheep. For these reasons, several US states have banned the plant or listed it as a noxious weed. It prefers bare, damp ground and is considered by horticulturalists in the United Kingdom as a persistent garden weed; nevertheless, many specialist plantsmen, nursery owners and discerning gardeners in the UK and Europe collect selected cultivars of the plant, including bronze-leaved and double-flowered ones. Emerging in late winter with flowers appearing March through May in the UK, its appearance across the landscape is regarded by many as a harbinger of spring.

Pilewort (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

piles +‎ wort

Noun

pilewort (usually uncountable, plural pileworts)

  1. Any of various unrelated plants traditionally supposed to be effective in treating piles (hemorrhoids), especially
    1. Erechtites hieraciifolius, or fireweed, a plant in the aster family;
    2. Ficaria verna (formerly Ranunculus ficaria), lesser celandine, a plant in the buttercup family.

Further reading

  • Hemorrhoids on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
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