Quinoa

Der Bauer bei der Ernte der bunten Quinoa auf seinem Feld in einem Dorf in der Nähe von Pisac, in den peruanischen Anden. Der Effekt der ganzen Farbmischung war grandios.

Chenopodium quinoa

Quinoa (Wikipedia)

Quinoa
Chenopodium quinoa0.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Order:Caryophyllales
Family:Amaranthaceae
Genus:Chenopodium
Species:
C. quinoa
Binomial name
Chenopodium quinoa
Quinoa Distribution.png
Natural distribution in red, Cultivation in green
Synonyms
Chenopodium quinoa near Cachilaya, Lake Titicaca, Bolivia

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa; /ˈkn.wɑː, kiˈn.ə/, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa) is a flowering plant in the amaranth family. It is an herbaceous annual plant grown as a crop primarily for its edible seeds; the seeds are rich in protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins, and dietary minerals in amounts greater than in many grains. Quinoa is not a grass, but rather a pseudocereal botanically related to spinach and amaranth (Amaranthus spp.), and originated in the Andean region of northwestern South America. It was first used to feed livestock 5,200–7,000 years ago, and for human consumption 3,000–4,000 years ago in the Lake Titicaca basin of Peru and Bolivia.

Today, almost all production in the Andean region is done by small farms and associations. Its cultivation has spread to more than 70 countries, including Kenya, India, the United States, and several European countries. As a result of increased popularity and consumption in North America, Europe, and Australasia, quinoa crop prices tripled between 2006 and 2014.

Quinoa (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish quinua, from Quechua kinwa.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkiːnwɑː/, /kiːˈnəʊə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈkinˌwɑ/, /k(w)əˈnoʊə/

Noun

quinoa (countable and uncountable, plural quinoas)

  1. A goosefoot (Chenopodium quinoa) native to the Andes and cultivated for its edible seeds.
    • 1997, Derek B. Munro, Ernest Small, Vegetables of Canada, page 142,
      Chenopodium quinoa Will, (quinoa) is native to the Andes, and the seeds are a staple grain in parts of South America. The newly formed Canadian Quinoa Association anticipated growing about 400 ha
...
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