Shea-Baum

Kariténüsse und Butter

Vitellaria paradoxa, Butyrospermum parkii

Synonyme:
Vitellaria, Shi-Baum, Karite-Baum
Vitellaria (Wikipedia)

Vitellaria
Vitellaria paradoxa MS 6563.JPG
Shea tree
Vitellaria paradoxa MS4195.JPG
Shea nuts
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Ericales
Family:Sapotaceae
Subfamily:Sapotoideae
Genus:Vitellaria
C.F.Gaertn.
Species:
V. paradoxa
Binomial name
Vitellaria paradoxa
C.F.Gaertn.
Synonyms

Butyrospermum paradoxa
Butyrospermum parkii

Vitellaria paradoxa (formerly Butyrospermum parkii), commonly known as shea tree, shi tree (/ˈʃ(ə)/), or vitellaria, is a tree of the family Sapotaceae. It is the only species in the genus Vitellaria, and is indigenous to Africa.

The shea fruit consists of a thin, tart, nutritious pulp that surrounds a relatively large, oil-rich seed from which shea butter is extracted. It is a deciduous tree usually 7–15 m (23–49 ft.) tall, but has reached 25 m (82 ft.) and a trunk diameter of 2 m (6.5 ft).

The shea tree is a traditional African food plant. It has been claimed to have potential to improve nutrition, boost food supply in the "annual hungry season", foster rural development, and support sustainable land care.

« Zurück zum Glossar-Index