Sonnenblume

Nahrhafte Sonnenblumenkerne füllen eine Holzschale, akzentuiert mit einer Metallschaufel und gelben Sonnenblumen

Helianthus annuus

Helianthus_annuus (Wikipedia)

Helianthus annuus
Sunflower sky backdrop.jpg
Horticultural variety of common sunflower
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Asterales
Family:Asteraceae
Genus:Helianthus
Species:
H. annuus
Binomial name
Helianthus annuus
Synonyms
Synonymy
  • Helianthus aridus Rydb.
  • Helianthus erythrocarpus Bartl.
  • Helianthus indicus L.
  • Helianthus jaegeri Heiser
  • Helianthus lenticularis Douglas
  • Helianthus macrocarpus DC. & A.DC.
  • Helianthus multiflorus Hook.
  • Helianthus ovatus Lehm.
  • Helianthus platycephalus Cass.
  • Helianthus tubaeformis Nutt.

Helianthus annuus, the common sunflower, is a large annual forb of the genus Helianthus grown as a crop for its edible oil and edible fruits. This sunflower species is also used as wild bird food, as livestock forage (as a meal or a silage plant), in some industrial applications, and as an ornamental in domestic gardens. The plant was first domesticated in the Americas. Wild Helianthus annuus is a widely branched annual plant with many flower heads. The domestic sunflower, however, often possesses only a single large inflorescence (flower head) atop an unbranched stem. The name sunflower may derive from the flower's head's shape, which resembles the sun.

Sunflower seeds were brought to Europe from the Americas in the 16th century, where, along with sunflower oil, they became a widespread cooking ingredient.

Sunflower (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

sun +‎ flower

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈsʌnˌflaʊ.ɚ/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈsʌnˌflaʊə/
  • Hyphenation: sun‧flow‧er

Noun

sunflower (plural sunflowers)

  1. Any plant of the genus Helianthus, so called probably from the form and color of its floral head, having the form of a large disk surrounded by yellow ray flowers.
    1. The commonly cultivated species, Helianthus annuus, a native of America.
  2. A bright yellow, like that of the flower petals.
  3. (informal, organic chemistry) Any flat, radially
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