Stiefmütterchen

Studioaufnahme von mehrfarbigen Stiefmütterchenblüten im Hintergrund. Große Tiefenschärfe (DOF). Makro. Symbol für Spaß und Erinnerung.
Kategorien: Medizinalpflanze
Pansy (Wikipedia)

Pansy
Pansy Flower.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Violaceae
Genus:Viola
Species:
V. × wittrockiana
Binomial name
Viola× wittrockiana
Synonyms
  • Viola hortensis hort. ex Steud.
  • Viola hortensis Wettst.
  • Viola × hortensis grandiflora Wittr.
  • Viola maxima hort. ex Domin
  • Viola tricolor var. hortensis Groenland & Rümpler
  • Viola tricolor maxima J.C.Clausen
  • Viola tricolor maxima nigra J.C.Clausen
  • Viola wittrockiana Gams

The garden pansy (Viola × wittrockiana) is a type of large-flowered hybrid plant cultivated as a garden flower. It is derived by hybridization from several species in the section Melanium ("the pansies") of the genus Viola, particularly Viola tricolor, a wildflower of Europe and western Asia known as heartsease. It is sometimes known as Viola tricolor var. hortensis, but this scientific name is ambiguous. While Viola tricolor var. hortensis Groenland & Rümpler is a synonym of Viola × wittrockiana, Viola tricolor var. hortensis DC. refers to a horticultural variety of wild pansy (Viola tricolor without interspecific hybridization) that had been illustrated in Flora Danica in 1777 before the existence of Viola × wittrockiana.

The chromosome number of Viola × wittrockiana is 2n = 44–52, with most cultivars being 2n = 48. The flower is 5 to 8 centimetres (2 to 3 in) in diameter and has two slightly overlapping upper petals, two side petals, and a single bottom petal with a slight beard emanating from the flower's center. These petals are usually white or yellow, purplish, or blue. The plant may grow to 23 cm (9 in) in height, and prefers sun to varying degrees and well-draining soils.

Pansy (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Middle French pensée (thought), as the plant resembles someone that is in deep thought, with a lowered head.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpæn.zi/

Noun

pansy (plural pansies)

  1. A cultivated flowering plant, derived by hybridization within species Viola tricolor.
  2. A deep purple colour, like that of the pansy.
  3. Any of various nymphalid butterflies of the genus Junonia. Also called arguses.
  4. (derogatory, colloquial, dated) A male homosexual, especially one who is effeminate.
  5. (derogatory, colloquial) A timid, weak man or boy; a wuss.
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