Wacholder (Juniperus virginiana)
|Utah juniper (Juniperus osteosperma) in Nevada, United States|
Junipers are coniferous trees and shrubs in the genus Juniperus // of the cypress family Cupressaceae. Depending on taxonomic viewpoint, between 50 and 67 species of junipers are widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere, from the Arctic, south to tropical Africa, from Ziarat, Pakistan, east to eastern Tibet in the Old World, and in the mountains of Central America. The highest-known juniper forest occurs at an altitude of 16,000 ft (4,900 m) in southeastern Tibet and the northern Himalayas, creating one of the highest tree-lines on earth.
Late Middle English junyper, juniperus, from Latin iūniperus (“juniper-tree”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈdʒunɪpə/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈdʒunɪpɚ/, [ˈd͡ʒunɪ̈pɚ]
- Hyphenation: ju‧ni‧per
juniper (countable and uncountable, plural junipers)
- Any shrub or tree of the genus Juniperus of the cypress family, which is characterized by pointed, needle-like leaves and aromatic berry-like cones.
- One of a number of coniferous trees which