Wiesenschaumkraut

Weißes Wiesenschaumkraut (Limnanthes alba) blüht im North Table Mountain Ecological Reserve, Oroville, Kalifornien

Limnanthes alba

Limnanthes_alba (Wikipedia)

Limnanthes alba
Jenderek maria limnanthes alba.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Brassicales
Family:Limnanthaceae
Genus:Limnanthes
Section:Limnanthes sect. Inflexae
Species:
L. alba
Binomial name
Limnanthes alba

Limnanthes alba is a species of flowering plant in the meadowfoam family known by the common name white meadowfoam. It is native to California and Oregon, where it grows in wet grassy habitat, such as vernal pools and moist spots in woodlands. It generally grows in poorly drained soils. It is an annual herb producing an erect or decumbent stem up to about 30 centimeters long. The leaves divided into several lobed or unlobed leaflets. The flower is cup-shaped with white petals 1 to 1.5 centimeters long.

This grassland wildflower is also under small-scale cultivation. It is the source of meadowfoam seed oil and The fruit of the plant, a nutlet, is 20 to 30% oil. The oil is one of the most stable vegetable oils known and can be converted to waxes and lubricants, similar to whale oil. White meadowfoam is very susceptible to the Botrytis cinerea fungus; commercial crops were devastated during the 1982 and 1984 growing seasons.

Meadowfoam (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

meadow +‎ foam

Noun

meadowfoam (countable and uncountable, plural meadowfoams)

  1. Any of the plants in the genus Limnanthes, flowering annuals native to the western US, especially the white meadowfoam, Limnanthes alba, which is grown for the oil in its seeds.
  2. (uncountable) The industrially-useful oil produced by Limnanthes alba
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