|Flowers of Cananga odorata|
Cananga odorata, known as the cananga tree, is a tropical tree that is native to India, through parts of Indochina, Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia, to Queensland, Australia. It is valued for the perfume extracted from its flowers, called ylang-ylang / / EE-lang-EE-lang (a name also sometimes used for the tree itself), which is an essential oil used in aromatherapy. The tree is also called the fragrant cananga, Macassar-oil plant, or perfume tree. Its traditional Polynesian names include Mataʻoi (Cook Islands), Mohokoi (Tonga), Mosoʻoi (Samoa), Motoʻoi (Hawaii), and Mokosoi, Mokasoi or Mokohoi (Fiji).
The ylang-ylang vine (Artabotrys odoratissimus) and climbing ylang-ylang (Artabotrys hexapetalus) are woody, evergreen climbing plants in the same family. Artabotrys odoratissimus is also a source of perfume.
- ylang-ylang, ilang-ilang
Tagalog, from either ilang (“wilderness”) or ilang-ilan (“rare”).
ylang ylang (countable and uncountable, plural ylang ylangs)
- (countable) The fragrant flower of a tropical tree (Cananga odorata) native to southeast Asia.
- (uncountable) An essential oil derived from this flower used in aromatherapy and perfumes.
- (countable) The tree on which ylang ylang flowers