|Assorted cultivars, from top-left, clockwise: pattypan squash, yellow summer squash, a large zucchini (or marrow), and pumpkins|
Cucurbita pepo is a cultivated plant of the genus Cucurbita. It yields varieties of winter squash and pumpkin, but the most widespread varieties belong to the subspecies Cucurbita pepo subsp. pepo, called summer squash.
It has been domesticated in the Americas for thousands of years. Some authors maintain that C. pepo is derived from C. texana, while others suggest that C. texana is merely feral C. pepo. They have a wide variety of uses, especially as a food source and for medical conditions. C. pepo seems more closely related to C. fraterna, though disagreements exist about the exact nature of that connection, too.
Borrowed from Italian zucchini, plural of zucchino, diminutive of zucca (“squash”). Ultimately a doublet of courgette through the original Latin cucurbita.
- enPR: zo͞okē'nē, IPA(key): /zuːˈkiːniː/
zucchini (plural zucchinis or zucchini...