Rosa Rose mit Schnee bedeckt im Winter, Deutschland

Die meisten Rosenpflanzen benötigen während der Wintersaison Schutz, nicht nur vor niedrigen Temperaturen, sondern auch vor kalten, austrocknenden Winden. In Gegenden, die im Winter immer 20 Grad oder kälter sind oder auf unter 10 Grad fallen, befolgen Sie diese Tipps, um Ihre Rosen erfolgreich zu überwintern.

Schwache Pflanzen

Denken Sie daran, dass schwache Pflanzen es schwerer haben, die Wintermonate zu überstehen als kräftige Pflanzen, sorgen Sie vor dem Winter für ausreichend Wasser und stellen Sie sicher, dass die Pflanze stark und gesund ist. Halten Sie Stickstoffdünger ab dem Spätsommer zurück. Einige Gärtner empfehlen auch, verbrauchte Blüten nach dem 1. September nicht mehr zu enthaaren. Dies sendet die Botschaft an die Pflanze, allmählich in die Winterruhe zu gehen und sich auf die kommenden Wintermonate vorzubereiten.

Shrub roses are the most hardy of the rose plants and don’t need as much winter planning. Hybrid tea roses and mini roses aren’t quite as hardy and need more cover to protect the canes from drying out.

Frost

After first frost, prune the rose plant to decrease the plant’s bulk. Cut back more canes to half their height, shorter canes to one-third their height. Long canes should be no more than 30 to 36 inches high. To stop the cut canes from drying out after pruning, you can apply a white paste solution to the cut ends or spray them with an anti-desiccant. Remove any remaining dead leaves from the stalks and out of the surrounding ground. Eliminate the dead leaves from the garbage rather than in your compost pile in the event they carry diseases which may survive the winter and re-infect nearby plants in the spring. Tie the tops of the canes together loosely for additional support.

With soil from another area of the garden, pile the dirt around the base of the rose. If you eliminate soil too near the rose plant, then you could be removing necessary protection from over the plants’ roots, which makes them susceptible to the winter elements. For a bush rose plant, cover the base of the plant to approximately six to eight inches high in moderate climates, eight to ten inches high in colder climates. For hybrid teas, grandifloras and floribundas create your soil mound about twelve inches high and twelve inches wide. Cover the soil pile with mulch, like bark, leaves, hay, hay, or walnut and weigh down the mulch with branches or pine boughs.

If you don’t need to use soil, then you can use just mulch (sawdust, wood chips, or bark) to cover the base of the plant, mounding the mulch 15 to 18 inches upward and around the plant. Cover the mulch with hay, straw, or branches to hold the mulch in place.

Some anglers create a wire mesh frame to place around their plants. You could also use an inverted basket with the bottom removed, rose cones, or a tall cylindrical container to put on your rose plants or mix them with burlap. Insulate the increased plant by loosely packing mulch around the rose within the protective containers or wrappings. Packing the mulch loosely allows for air flow and for moisture to drain and dry. If you’re using a plastic container or Styrofoam rose cones, be certain you cut 4 to 5 one- inch holes around the top of the containers to allow for sufficient air flow, particularly on sunny winter days when heat could build up around the plant. Also, make sure that the canes are brief enough to fit in the cone or container.

Schutz

To protect climbing roses, unfasten the canes in their supportive structure and put the canes on the floor. Cover the canes with three to four inches of straw soil. If you’re unable to remove the canes in their service, tie the cane tips loosely together and wrap them with straw or hay. Add another wrap of burlap to keep the straw in place. Cover the base of the climber with a mound of at least ten inches of soil.

Wenn die Anzeichen des Winters nachgelassen haben, entfernen Sie vorsichtig die Umhüllungen, den Schmutz und die Erdhügel rund um die Pflanze. Bewahren Sie diese Materialien in der Nähe auf, falls die Temperaturen wieder niedrig werden und Sie die Pflanzen vorübergehend wieder einpflanzen müssen.