High blood pressure if left unattended contributes to increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and contributes to target organ damage like LVH, retinal changes and vascular alterations. The major aim in the management of hypertension is prevention of target organ damage and reduction of cardiovascular risk. The management demands a multi-prolonged approach. Although it’s widely recognized that drug therapy is vital for optimal blood pressure management, it shouldn’t be forgotten that non-pharmocological steps are also crucial in the management of hypertension.
Don’t eat it!
What are the foods to be avoided in high blood pressure? This is extremely common question my patients frequently ask me. On one hand, it’s exceedingly complicated and complex and has been the continued focus of study by physicians and physicians. On the other hand, the huge majority of dietary recommendations for hypertension have resemblance and similarities to overall healthier diet recommendations.
The association between alcohol and high blood pressure is well documented both in clinical and population studies. An Alcohol intake of roughly 80 g/day (Equivalent to four pints of beer) has been proven to elevate Blood pressure especially in patients of hypertension. Blood pressure tends to fall when alcohol is stopped or decreased and stays low in patients who continue to abstain. Patients with hypertension should avoid Alcohol. As alcohol can increase blood pressure right, is also a significant element in damaging walls of blood vessels, which can raise the blood pressure farther and make it even more challenging to deal with, while at exactly the exact same time increasing the risk of complications. Limit consumption of Alcohol to no more than two drinks daily in most men and one drink per day in women and lightweight men.
A limitation in dietary sodium intake can lower the prevalence of hypertension. Studies have shown that there’s a clear connection between dietary salt intake and Blood pressure and individuals who eat less salt have a smaller increase in blood pressure together with advancing age. Salt restriction to about 100mmol/day (2.4 gm sodium or 6 gm sodium chloride) was demonstrated to generate a substantial decrease in systolic Blood pressure to approximately 8-14 mm Hg in many randomized placebo-controlled studies. In some people, eating too much salt can make blood pressure considerably worse and In other instances the exact same salt intake may have no result.
More salt intake will bring about more retention of fluid by kidneys and this can lead to more pre-load in your heart, that will lead to more blood pressure. You should avoid salt in your diet if you really need to control your blood pressure. If you are already a patient of hypertension, then reduce salt in your diet since it just enriches the issue. You can decrease your blood pressure to a large extent if you reduce salt intake in your daily diet. You shouldn’t have more than 6 g (100mmol/day) of salt every day. Pizza, canned foods, frozen diners, broths, canned soups and salad dressings have high sodium so try to avoid these foods. If you’re non-vegetarian then be sure you’re including white meat like fish and poultry as opposed to red meat in your diet.
Food that is full of fats should be avoided. Foods High in Fat are as follows:
- Fats and oils (such as margarine, vegetable oils, butter, lard, salt pork, meat drippings, gravy, and fat back)
- Cream, ice cream, Whole milk, 2% milk.
- Most pies, cakes, pastries.
- Most cheeses (such as cream cheese, cheddar, American)
- Many snack foods (such as nuts and chips)
- Fatty meats (like corned beef, regular ground beef, ribs, sausage, hot dogs, bacon, bologna, salami,)
- Fried foods (such as French fries and fried chicken)
- Most cookies contain high fat content
- Many fast foods are also rich in fats
Saturated fats aren’t good for heart and blood vessels. Low density lipoprotein LDL is primary factor that causes thickening of blood vessels thus causing additional strain on blood vessels in patients of high blood pressure. The balanced high blood pressure diet must consist of mild amounts of saturated and trans-fats (red meat, fast food), and moderate levels of different fats (olive oil and canola oil).
The evidence from the literature is quite conflicting and the effects of caffeine appear to depend on multiple factors like daily dose, preexisting Blood pressure and coffee drinking habits. The ingestion of 250mg of caffeine has been shown to lead to a rise in systolic blood pressure ranging from 6mm of Hg in normal people to 10 mm Hg in patients with hypertension and an increase in diastolic blood pressure of 5 mm Hg in normal people to 8.5 mm Hg in patients with hypertension.