Hermoso roble sobre un césped con el sol de otoño poniente brillando cálidamente a través de sus hojas

Shade trees don’t all automatically drop their leaves in the fall (deciduous), but some shade trees are evergreen, and many others could be categorized as flowering trees. The fact that shade trees can cool temperatures in the surrounding landscape and cool off homes during the heat of the summer is famous.

Siempreviva

Algunos árboles de hoja perenne también proporcionan sombra anualmente, un factor que podría ser indeseable en algunos casos durante las duras heladas de invierno, una vez que un árbol de sombra de hoja perenne puede bloquear de los rayos de calor del sol que puede derretir el hielo y la nieve de un techo de la casa o detener la luz infrarroja de las cámaras de calefacción dentro de la casa. Los propietarios de casas en los países del sur extremo pueden preferir la sombra en las casas y edificios durante todo el año, y tales árboles de sombra de hoja perenne como el roble vivo, Quercus virginiana; el roble laurel, Quercus laurifolia; y los robles de Darlington, Quercus hemisphaerica, serían deseables para plantar cerca de las casas.

Pinos

Pine trees can also be valuable shade trees for homes and landscape gardens. Such perennial shrubs as Camellia japonica and azalea shrubs must have year round color for suitable flowering. The camellia tree along with the azalea plant will endure only on rare occasions if implanted in the entire sun. The dogwood and redbud trees benefit from pine tree color where they blossom abundantly. The cherry laurel tree, Laurocerasus caroliniana Ait, is an evergreen shade tree that’s covered with fragrant white flower clusters in March. The cherry laurel tree is a quick growing tree, occasionally growing 6 feet each year. Eucalipto trees, Eucalyptus cinerea, are evergreen shade trees, but the’Silver Dollar’ eucalyptus tree generally is restricted to planting in the warm temperatures of zones 8-11. The exceptional menthol odor of all areas of the eucalyptus tree makes it particularly desirable where smog and other air pollution is debatable. The loblolly bay tree, Gordonia lasianthus, is frequently known as the loblolly bay magnolia tree, and the blossom fragrance, white colour, and form resemble a tiny blossom bloom of the magnolia.

Árbol de magnolia

The southern magnolia tree, Magnolia grandiflora, is an outstanding colour tree famous for its colossal 1 foot wide fragrant white flowers during the summer and the luminous green waxy magnolia leaves which provide dense shade. Due to the dense color as well as the mats of succulent roots which rise into the ground surface (such as cypress tree roots), few shrubs or perennials can be successfully planted and grown beneath the Magnolia grandiflora trees. Other shade trees which could also qualify as beautiful flowering trees are black locust, Robinia pseudoacacia, shade trees which are covered with fragrant white flower clusters-just after the look of this fern-like, light green leaves. The black locust trees foliage color changes to bright yellow in the autumn, and the wood was used as waterproofed split-rail fencing for centuries. The empress shade tree, Paulownia tomentosa, (Blue Dragon Tree, also Princess Tree) can also be a flowering shrub that produces gigantic blue-purple blossom clusters triangular in shape. The empress tree is called a very fast growing shade tree that’s been encouraged by former President Jimmy Carter. The timber is valued as very strong and light weight; desired from the Far East for furniture fabrication and wood carving.

Arce y roble

Maple trees and Oak trees provide many species for shade and foliage change color in the autumn. The maple leaf color can change to orange, yellow, and red. The Oak tree leaf color may differ from red, to orange, to yellow-gold, to brown. The Florida maple, Acer barbatum, color tree turns a brilliant yellow color in the autumn and then turns brown and stays on the tree the majority of the winter. Other important shade trees would be the American elm tree, Ulmus americana, and the drake elm, Ulmus parvifolia’Drake,’ both coloring yellow-gold from the autumn. The winged elm tree has odd scaly winged growths on stems and branches which are in demand by florists for their aesthetic value in making dried arrangements.

Otros árboles

The Chinese elm tree, Ulmus parvifolia, is famous for its rapid growth to give quick shade. The Chinese elm is one of the simplest shade trees to transplant and can grow over 6 feet in 1 year if cared for correctly. The American Hophornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana, is an under-planted shade tree which, during the autumn foliage shift, glows brightly in yellow-gold colours. The bald cypress tree, Taxodium distichum, is an superb clean shade tree broadly adapted to grow well on many different soil types. The bald cypress leaves do turn yellow briefly in the autumn, but the bald cypress small leaf size requires no raking. The pond cypress shade tree, Taxodium ascendens, is a excellent shrub to grow around pond-houses and wetland gardens, but shouldn’t normally be grown in well drained locations. The pond cypress roots grow in the water, swollen and large and are known as cypress knees.

El árbol de sombra de goma negra, Nyssa sylvatica, crece bien en los humedales y su color es beneficioso para muchas plantas acuáticas. El árbol de sombra tupelo de agua (tupelo gum, también sour gum) crece acuáticamente en varios lugares húmedos de tierras bajas. Las hojas de los árboles de sombra del tupelo negro y del tupelo de agua se vuelven amarillo-doradas y anaranjadas en otoño. El árbol sombrilla chino, Firmiana simplex, crea un dosel de paraguas (sombrilla) con grandes hojas en forma de murciélago que se vuelven amarillo brillante, y luego naranja, en el otoño.

The catalpa tree (fishbait shrub ), Catalpa bignonioides, has been used for centuries as a shade tree that attracts worms (fishbait) to be utilised in fishing. The Chinese tallow tree, Sapium sebiferum, is a quick growing small shade tree that produces a kaleidescope of colors on leaves in the autumn of yellow, red, orange, blue, and purple. The Chinese tallow tree generates seedpods in the autumn that seem like popcorn after the leaves drop off, thus it’s known as the popcorn tree. The corkscrew willow, Salix matsudana”Tortuosa,” and the weeping willow, Salix babylonica, grow quickly into shade trees with identifying linear leaves which turn yellow in the autumn. The Ginkgo shade tree, Ginkgo biloba, is among the most famous of the colour and its vibrant yellow-gold leaves which stay on the tree for a week or longer when they fall to form a glowing yellow circle beneath the bare limbs. The ginkgo leaves are found fossilized in the Oriental archaeological excavations. The green ash, Fraxinus pennsylvanica lanceolata, is a fast growing shade tree useful as a landscape specimen. The lombardy poplar tree, Populus nigra, is a quick growing tree, vertical in form that’s planted as hedges and windbreaks in the Western United States.

The river birch tree, Betula nigra, is a gorgeous landscape tree with exceptional flaking bark that’s replaced by slick bark in the spring. The river birch could be implanted as a single trunk specimen or as a clump. The sassafras color tree, Sassafras albidum, grows fragrant elements including the flower, bark, and the roots which were used during the civil war to make sassafras tea which generated a narcotic effect on wounded southerners. The Sourwood tree, Oxydendrum arboreum, and the sweetgum shade trees, Liquidambar styraciflua, both create spectacular foliage colour in the fall, both the sourwood and the sweetgum trees turn orange, yellow, and red in advancing phases. The sycamore tree, Platanus occidentalis, is possibly among the best trees for quick shade. Sycamore trees can grow to two feet in diameter & 50 feet tall in 20 years.

Bambú Los árboles y las plantas de bambú se utilizan como árboles de sombra, setos de privacidad y límites. Las plantas de bambú crecen rápidamente y entre 40 y 50 pies (bambú maderero) y son útiles como cortavientos, además de como pantallas de color para la privacidad que cubren los rayos de luz enfocados a 180 grados. Suelen plantarse macizos de flores anuales delante de las muestras de árboles de bambú para conseguir una semisombra, y varios arbustos y matorrales crecen bien cuando se colocan frente a las muestras de árboles de bambú, si las plantas de pino son del tipo agrupado.

Árboles de sombra

Se han utilizado a lo largo del tiempo para colorear paisajes, casas, edificios o como alimento y refugio para la fauna. Algunos árboles de sombra aportan beneficios adicionales, como preciosas flores o un follaje siempre verde. Otros árboles de sombra pueden dar frutos, como las moreras, los manzanos, los perales y el níspero de hoja perenne. Otros árboles de sombra dan valiosos frutos secos, como las pacanas, los nogales y los castaños. Aparte de la ventaja cromática, el color brillante del follaje en el periodo de enfriamiento del otoño, hace que el cultivo y la plantación de árboles de sombra sea un trabajo placentero y que merezca la pena.