In this time of global warming of the planet, increasing pollution and fast food, lots of individuals no longer are convinced of new products which are offered as many attempt to exert some control over what they eat. Similarly, chemicals which have been used for so long inside gardens are no longer accepted as the sole way of channeling the vicissitudes of nature.One of the key ways to improve our environment (and our health) is to be organic.
Why organic gardening?
Organic gardening is one which uses only naturally occurring substances and doesn’t use artificial fertilizers or chemicals.
Try to work with nature instead of against it.
Organically grown foods taste better than those grown with artificial fertilizers.
Costs: the organic material can be produced by returning waste into the property, which is a cheap process in comparison to Inorganic which are inclined to be way more expensive in the long term.
Same with chemical sprays, If an orchard where parasites don’t prove a problem is created, it saves a good deal in the expense of chemicals.
Another benefit is that by adding organic material to Earth, it keeps getting better, pitching chemicals ultimately impoverishes the soil.
The size of the fruits of a natural garden are usually bigger and higher quality.
Planning organic garden
The first step to consider when planning a backyard is to produce a record of what you would like out of it, imagine what you could achieve within the time and space available.
Once you’ve determined the priorities, then it’s time to situate or arrange space available inside that garden.
Some regions will be sunnier, others will have better soil or land, some spots more humid and so forth.
To cultivate a fantastic garden you’ll have to start looking for the best place in regard to the air and sun.
If weeds grow better in one area than another, this may indicate that the soil is better there, Note the places that have sunshine all day or just a partial day.
Caring for the Earth
Land is the most important part of your garden, the soil composition fluctuates so keep a watch for this variance. Sandy soils are extremely light and friable and easily drain.
The clay is shaped consists of fine particles which stick together producing the stickiness feature of the clay. Clay drains very slowly, so clay soils produce a moist and slippery environment where plants feel comfortable. Sticky and dry soil is also quite tough to work.
Between both of these types, clay and sandy soils can be improved simply by inclusion of fertile mulch. A soil may be acidic or alkaline. The relative acidity / alkalinity of the soil pH is measured on a scale of 0 to 14 where 7 is neutral.
For the most effective organic garden soil it ought to be on the acid side of neutral point, at point 6.5, Below the soil is too acidic and won’t permit some minerals that plants need.
But clay soils, sandy, alkaline or acid could be altered. Another factor of soil structure is its own profile. Usually in a garden the topsoil comprises the best land. The layer beneath it’s called groundwater. And below this is the real underground.
It’s imperative to maintain these layers in their various places.
Identification of layers of earth
Surface layer: is the darkest and richest portion of the backyard profile. It is where crops grow mostly and also where the most worms, bacteria and insects live, many beneficial for plant growth.
Finally we have to consider the subject of hardness which may occur between the various soil layers. This is a correctable problem if it’s not known early, Otherwise correct it might endanger ones digging depth.
Análisis del suelo
To discover if your garden soil is clayey or sandy put a sample of it in a jar with water then shake it up, let different elements to settle in layers and some other organic material will float to the surface.
For their ability to retain or get rid of water, dig a hole depth of a shovel and fill with water. Allow to drain and refill the hole. If this water disappears quickly that means that the soil drains well also. On the other hand in case you still there after a couple of hours or even days it’s apparent it is blocked into the opposite extreme.
If it disappears on a regular basis in 30 minutes or so, then its use and capacity is accurate. There are numerous organic indicators of acidity or alkalinity of your soil. For instance, if ferns are rowing in your backyard or rhododendrons this means that the soil is acidic.
Improve the land
Once the soil is examined only then is it possible to find out what could be done to enhance it.
In light soils, for example gritty, its best to include decomposed organic material, this will help retain moisture and provide nutrients for crops.
Clay soils are more problematic to treat, particularly as they’re hard and difficult to operate. To enhance it, you must add stones (gravel), since it enhances drainage, separates the dirt and makes it easier to operate.
You could even add ash burnt weeds, organic substance in the shape of manure or poultry manure also help transform the earth into a lighter medium. Worms will always break it up and mix with the ground, worms will mulch the majority of the new layer down so the original floor becomes fertile and usable .
Drainage is an important part of enhancing the your soil. In the waterlogged terrain you’ll be able to add gravel but if it is a serious problem with water stagnating after each downpour, you must install a suitable drainage system.
This is accomplished by digging ditches in the kind of drainage pipes. Cover with small stones or just fill trenches with gravel covered rubble. An option is to use water to make a pond then install water drainage pipes.
Gardening isn’t just about planting seeds and then sit back and await the harvest. Between these two events weeds attempt to purge the bare soil and harvest eating bugs seek these succulent plants. Gardener job is to keep this from occurring.
For many, hoeing and weeding can be a very relaxing and not to mention therapeutic. When control of weeds or soil equilibrium is lost, the gardening becomes a struggle. The key is”little and often”. If time permits devote an hour every day.
Another obstacle is going to be character, it tends to get in the way of the gardener with occasional poor weather. You can take steps to minimize their effect
Creates several issues. First the end could easily bring down the entire garden bed. Windbreaks is something to take into account in setting up any garden, though it might not be essential if you reside in a metropolitan area where the buildings shield it from the end, but in rural areas it can be vital.
The best windbreaks are the ones which permit air to seep through. Although a wall or a fence is going to have a solid appearance and look the best against powerful winds, actually they cause much turbulence that may be as catastrophic as the end itself.
A row of trees allows the end to float through naturally. A much faster solution is to construct a fence to enable the wind to pass through it, It can be constructed of wood or bamboo.
A contemporary alternative is to use displays, sold specially for this. This sort of wind shield has to be securely anchored in the ground and have to be renewed or replaced from time to time. A hedge produces a perfect barrier slowing the end causing it to float through in a moderate flow.
The cold isn’t bad during the winter. It will help break down and kill the bugs that have surfaced. But when spring begins and you’ve started plantations, frost can be a killer or at least a deterrent.
The gaps can be coated with metal or cloth, put a fence or a hedge at an angle across the slope above the frost hole so the cold air is redirected to a side and move elsewhere. A row of shrubs or curve as V uphill also divert cold air frost.
It’s always a good idea to have a flower garden near a field of vegetables. Sometimes it might even help to mix both.
An alternative favored by many organic gardeners is to make a series of raised beds, each with one form or more of veggies, planted in blocks instead of in rows.
Some plants grow better in trays or containers for planting later. It’s ideal to plant on chilly days, preferably if there’s a risk that a light rain may fall. The damp and chilly help the plant survive.