Alcachofa

Las alcachofas han sido plantas alimenticias populares y plantas medicinales eficaces durante siglos. Debido a sus sustancias amargas, se utilizan principalmente para el tratamiento de dolencias estomacales e indigestión.

Cynara scolymus

Artichoke (Wikipedia)

Artichoke
Artichoke J1.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Asterales
Family:Asteraceae
Genus:Cynara
Species:
Variety:
C. c. var. scolymus
Trinomial name
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus

The globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus), also known by the names French artichoke and green artichoke in the U.S., is a variety of a species of thistle cultivated as a food.

The edible portion of the plant consists of the flower buds before the flowers come into bloom. The budding artichoke flower-head is a cluster of many budding small flowers (an inflorescence), together with many bracts, on an edible base. Once the buds bloom, the structure changes to a coarse, barely edible form. Another variety of the same species is the cardoon, a perennial plant native to the Mediterranean region. Both wild forms and cultivated varieties (cultivars) exist.

Artichoke (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Northern Italian articiocco, from Provençal archichaut, arquichaut, from Old Spanish alcarchofa, from Andalusian Arabic الْخَرْشُوف(al-ẖaršūf), from Arabic الْخُرْشُوف(al-ḵuršūf), definite form of خُرْشُوف(ḵuršūf).

Pronunciation

  • (rhotic) IPA(key): /ˈɑɹ.tɪˌtʃəʊk/
  • (non-rhotic) IPA(key): /ˈɑː.tɪˌtʃəʊk/

Noun

artichoke

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