Pimienta negra

Black peppercorn on rustic background

Piper nigrum

Peppercorn, Hei Hu Jiao, Marich
Black Pepper (Wikipedia)

Black pepper
Piper nigrum - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-107.jpg
Pepper plant with immature peppercorns
Scientific classification edit
P. nigrum
Binomial name
Piper nigrum
Piper nigrum from an 1832 print

Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, known as a peppercorn, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. When fresh and fully mature, the fruit is about 5 mm (0.20 in) in diameter, dark red, and contains a single seed, like all drupes. Peppercorns and the ground pepper derived from them may be described simply as pepper, or more precisely as black pepper (cooked and dried unripe fruit), green pepper (dried unripe fruit), or white pepper (ripe fruit seeds).

Black pepper is native to present-day Kerala, a state on the southwestern coast of India, and is extensively cultivated there and in other tropical regions.

Ground, dried, and cooked peppercorns have been used since antiquity, both for flavour and as a traditional medicine. Black pepper is the world's most traded spice, and is one of the most common spices added to cuisines around the world. Its spiciness is due to the chemical compound piperine, which is a different kind of spicy from the capsaicin characteristic of chili peppers. It is ubiquitous in the Western world as a seasoning, and is often paired with salt and available on dining tables in shakers or mills.

Black Pepper (Wiktionary)



black pepper (uncountable)

  1. The plant Piper nigrum.
  2. The dried, unripe berries (peppercorns) of the Piper nigrum plant which are commonly used as a spice and seasoning. They are either used whole, or in a ground or crushed form.

Related terms

  • bell pepper
  • chili pepper
  • green pepper
  • hot pepper
  • red pepper
  • sweet pepper
  • white pepper


Further reading

  • black pepper on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Piper nigrum on Wikispecies.Wikispecies
  • Piper nigrum on Wikimedia Commons.Wikimedia Commons
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