Regaliz

macrofotografía de la maduración de las semillas de glycyrrhiza glabra, la planta del regaliz

Glycyrrhiza glabra

Sinónimos:
Yashtimadhu, Mulethi
Liquorice (Wikipedia)

Liquorice
Illustration Glycyrrhiza glabra0.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Fabales
Family:Fabaceae
Clade:Inverted repeat-lacking clade
Genus:Glycyrrhiza
Species:
G. glabra
Binomial name
Glycyrrhiza glabra
Synonyms
  • Glycyrrhiza brachycarpa Boiss.
  • Glycyrrhiza glandulifera Waldst. & Kit.
  • Glycyrrhiza hirsuta Pall.
  • Glycyrrhiza pallida Boiss.
  • Glycyrrhiza violacea Boiss.

Liquorice (British English) or licorice (American English) (/ˈlɪkərɪʃ/ LIK-ər-is(h), /ˈlɪkərəʃ/) is the common name of Glycyrrhiza glabra, a flowering plant of the bean family Fabaceae, from the root of which a sweet, aromatic flavouring can be extracted.

The liquorice plant is an herbaceous perennial legume native to Western Asia, North Africa and southern Europe. Botanically, it is not closely related to anise or fennel, which are sources of similar flavouring compounds. (Another such source, star anise, is even more distantly related from anise and fennel than liquorice, despite its similar common name.) Liquorice is used as a flavouring in candies and tobacco, particularly in some European and West Asian countries.

Liquorice extracts have been used in herbalism and traditional medicine. Excessive consumption of liquorice (more than 2 mg/kg per day of pure glycyrrhizinic acid, a liquorice component) may result in adverse effects, such as hypokalemia, increased blood pressure, muscle weakness, and death.

Licorice (Wiktionary)

English

Alternative forms

  • liquorice (Britain, Ireland) (See the usage notes below)

Etymology

From Middle English lycorys, from Old French licoresse, from Late Latin liquiritia, alteration of Ancient Greek γλυκύρριζα (glukúrrhiza): γλυκύς (glukús, sweet) + ῥίζα (rhíza, root) (English glucose, English rhizome). Doublet of glycyrrhiza.

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