Eruca vesicaria, Eruca sativa
Rocket (British English) or arugula (American English) (Eruca vesicaria; syns. Eruca sativa Mill., E. vesicaria subsp. sativa (Miller) Thell., Brassica eruca L.) is an edible annual plant in the family Brassicaceae used as a leaf vegetable for its fresh, tart, bitter, and peppery flavor. Other common names include garden rocket (in Britain, Australia, South Africa, Ireland, and New Zealand), and eruca. It is also called "ruchetta", "rucola", "rucoli", "rugula", "colewort", and "roquette". Eruca sativa, which is widely popular as a salad vegetable, is a species of Eruca native to the Mediterranean region, from Morocco and Portugal in the west to Syria, Lebanon, Egypt and Turkey in the east.
Probably from Italian rucola. (Eng. usg. 1967)
Cognate to rocket (“plant”).
- (General American) enPR: əʹro͞ogələ, IPA(key): /əˈɹuɡələ/
- Hyphenation: a‧ru‧gu‧la
arugula (countable and uncountable, plural arugulas)
- One of three yellowish-flowered Mediterranean herbs of the mustard family with flavoured leaves, often eaten in salads. Has a distinct, peppery flavor:
- Eruca sativa, sometimes Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa
- Eruca vesicaria
- Diplotaxis tenuifolia