|1887 illustration from|
Köhler's Medicinal Plants
Jacks. ex Andrews
Vanilla planifolia is a species of vanilla orchid. It is native to Mexico, Guatemala and Belize. It is one of the primary sources for vanilla flavouring, due to its high vanillin content. Common names include flat-leaved vanilla, and West Indian vanilla (also used for the Pompona vanilla, V. pompona). Often, it is simply referred to as "the vanilla". It was first scientifically named in 1808. With the species' population in decline and its habitats being converted to other purposes, the IUCN has assessed Vanilla planifolia as Endangered.
Borrowed from Spanish vainilla, a diminutive form of vaina (“pod”).
- IPA(key): /vəˈnɪlə/
- Rhymes: -ɪlə
- IPA(key): /vəˈnɛlə/
- Rhymes: -ɛlə
vanilla (countable and uncountable, plural vanillas)
- (countable) Any tropical, climbing orchid of the genus Vanilla (especially Vanilla planifolia), bearing podlike fruit yielding an extract used in flavoring food or in perfumes.
- (countable) The fruit or bean of the vanilla plant.
- Synonym: vanilla bean