It’s necessary to keep the freshness of these seeds to be able to facilitate proper germination. This is the reason we store all our bonsai seeds in a fridge dedicated for this use. Therefore, to be able to maintain their freshness until you’re ready to start the germination process, it is possible to store the purchased seeds at the plastic bag we’ve provided. It is possible to set the seeds in the vegetable drawer of your fridge.
Once you’re ready to germinate your seeds, you’ve got two germination methods: natural germination or pressured germination.
Natural germination: Sow seeds out in fall. Overwintering the seeds will accomplish all the required organic processes seeds require in order to germinate. Next spring, you need to have sprouted seeds.
With forced germination, you’re accomplishing the germination procedure successfully. Therefore, you’ll have to follow the actions listed below. Each seed differs. However the majority of them need three steps. Some may need more while others may require less. These measures are: the scarification and sowing.
Each seed has a shell around the dwell inner part. Some are more difficult than others. The intention of the scarification method is to soften the shell and permit water to reach the inner region of the seed. You may scarify the seeds by placing them in water, typically a glass or a bowl, for a period of twenty four to forty eight hours. The norm seems to be the use of warm water. Some seeds need boiling water while others need water at room temperature. Normally, the viable seeds will drown after the twenty four hour period while some will float on top. If there are still seeds drifting following the forty eight hour period, you can discard them as they are empty seeds. Once completed, you’re ready to start the next step ( please note that some seeds require that you proceed directly to the next step).
The next step is that the cold stratification period. This step is where all the magic of nature happens. In nature, the majority of the seeds drop from the trees in fall. Consequently, seeds spend the winter under colder temperatures permitting the compound in the seeds to develop and activate the germination process once the perfect temperature is reached in spring. In the pressured germination process, you try to recreate the winter period. In order to accomplish this procedure, use the following substances:
Plastic Ziplock bag Paper towel Water. Fold the paper towel in 2 and moisten with water. It shouldn’t be dripping wet but humid. Place your seeds on the humid paper towel and fold it on the seeds. Place the paper towel with the seeds from the ziplock plastic bag and keep them on your fridge for a period varying from thirty to one hundred and twenty days. We recommend that you check your seeds every thirty days to be able to avoid rot and allow for good air circulation. You’ll also check for germinated seeds. If this is true, take the germinated seeds and proceed to another step. Otherwise, wait the required period and then proceed to another step.
Sowing can be achieved from the ground or in a pot. You may use any soil acceptable for growing and planting. Make a small opening in the soil (approximately half an inch deep), put the seed at the opening and cover it with a few millimetres of soil. Keep the soil moist.
If you decide to germinate your seeds through the forced germination process, you may be asked to adhere to this additional step. This step occurs before the cold stratification. All you’ve got to do is expose the seeds to ambient room temperature for thirty to ninety days. This is known as heat stratification and can be accomplished by leaving the seeds exposed in a plate on your desk. After you’ve achieved this measure, you restart with cold stratification.