Raíz de jengibre fresco picado y polvo de jengibre molido en cuchara de madera sobre mesa rústica de madera. Concepto de especia de comida sana. Zingiber officinale

Not only is ginger (Zingiber officinale) among the most popular of all of the spices but is also of the best five antioxidant foods. Numerous studies exploring ginger’s medicinal properties also have shown it to work in conditions like motion sickness and the prevention and treatment of diseases like Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, inflammatory diseases and stomach disorders.

Ginger against Medical Conditions

Two of ginger’s main antioxidants, curcumin and gingerol, have been shown to inhibit and even reverse the deposition in the mind of the amyloid plaques that are associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Moreover, zingerone, another of ginger antioxidants, neutralizes the effective oxidant, peroxynitrite, which has also been implicated as an aggravating factor in Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases.

Several phytochemicals found in ginger have shown powerful anticancer activities in both clinical and laboratory studies. While ginger’s anti-tumorigenic effects have yet to be completely understood, they are thought to involve the following mechanisms

Antiinflamatorio

Cancer is often associated with inflammatory processes and ginger’s potent anti-inflammatory action lowers the risk of inflammation-induced malignancy. Ginger is a powerful COX-2 inhibitor, curtailing the activity of potentially harmful COX-2 enzymes, the overproduction of which might lead to harm to a number of tissue types.

Muerte de las células cancerosas

Los vanilloides picantes, el gingerol y el paradol que se encuentran en el jengibre, son extremadamente eficaces para eliminar las células cancerosas. Lo consiguen tanto por su acción citotóxica directa contra el tumor como indirectamente por la inducción de la apoptosis en las células cancerosas. Reducción de la iniciación y el crecimiento de los tumores: El fitoquímico zerumbona antagoniza los procedimientos de iniciación y promoción de los tumores. Lo hace provocando enzimas antioxidantes y debilitando las vías de señalización proinflamatorias relacionadas con la comunicación entre las células cancerosas.

Previene el daño al ADN

Melatonin is an antioxidant produced by the body that’s also found in certain crops, such as ginger. It’s the valuable property of being able to access most parts of the body, including brain and nervous tissue, and protects DNA against parasitic free-radical harm.

Antibacteriano

El jengibre puede eliminar todas las cepas de Helicobacter pylori, la bacteria que es la principal causa del cáncer de estómago.

Enfermedades cardiovasculares y lípidos sanguíneos

Ginger has been shown to reduce dangerously high cholesterol and triglyceride levels, while increasing the levels of beneficial HDL. These lipid-modulating effects are partly due to the inhibition of fat absorption in the intestines. Moreover, ginger’s cardioprotective effects are enhanced by its ability to decrease platelet stickiness and in so doing further decrease the chance of heart attacks and thrombotic strokes.

Propiedades antiinflamatorias

Ginger’s long-valued function as a cure for arthritis and other inflammatory conditions has been substantiated by several scientific studies which show how it’s involved in a number of anti-inflammatory mechanisms. It’s a powerful inhibitor of COX-2 enzymes, pro-inflammatory cytokines and prostaglandins which are all vital components of the inflammatory reaction. Abnormal tissue inflammation occurs when an excess of prostaglandins, cytokines and COX-2 enzymes are released by cells in joint tissue. The more of those molecules which are released, the more inflammatory cells and chemicals are brought to the joints where they cause pain and damage to the joint surfaces. These compounds are integral to inflammatory mechanisms which could involve many tissue types, in addition to the condition called chronic systemic inflammation.

Efectos antimicrobianos

El ácido clorhídrico que se encuentra en el estómago es una defensa muy eficaz contra los patógenos ingeridos y destruye rápidamente casi todos los organismos que se ingieren con los alimentos. Sin embargo, el Helicobacter pylori es una especie bacteriana notablemente resistente que prospera en el entorno hostil y extremadamente ácido del estómago. Una vez establecida, esta bacteria provoca diversos problemas, como indigestión, esofagitis, gastritis, úlceras de estómago y duodeno, y cáncer de estómago. El jengibre se ha utilizado tradicionalmente como remedio para los trastornos estomacales, y recientemente se ha demostrado que mata las diecinueve especies patógenas de Helicobacter pylori. La ingesta normal de jengibre debería ayudar a matar esas bacterias dañinas hasta que se establezcan, y así adelantarse a la demanda de antibióticos que destruyen muchas bacterias intestinales beneficiosas, junto con sus objetivos previstos.

Diabetes

Although there was relatively little research into the antidiabetic properties of ginger, promising early studies reveal it may increase insulin sensitivity. This implies that, in all likelihood, it’s a valuable prophylactic spice against this disorder.

Ginger has a double antiobesity effect. The phytochemicals gingerol and shogaol raise the metabolic rate and so help to”burn off” excess fat and suppress the absorption of calorie-dense dietary fats in the intestines.

Efectos antioxidantes

Ginger is a supply of a high number of important antioxidants which, amongst other actions, decrease lipid oxidation by improving the actions of crucial produced antioxidants, such as superoxide dismutase. Melatonin, in particular, isn’t just an extremely effective free-radical scavenger itself, but also stimulates production of the principal antioxidant enzyme of the mind, glutathione peroxidase.

Ginger’s prominent role in traditional medical systems are validated by modern research. As is true with most spices, its preventive effects are enhanced when taken with other spices because there are synergistic effects between the medicinally active compounds which exist in this food category.