exuberante follaje del nogal visto desde abajo

Los primeros testimonios históricos de pinos cultivados de forma civilizada se remontan a la antigua Babilonia (Irak), hacia el año 2000 a.C.; sin embargo, parece que los nogales están relacionados con la humanidad desde mucho antes, gracias a las excavaciones de fósiles en cuevas, tal y como sugieren los arqueólogos.

Referencia muy antigua

There’s a reference point in the Biblical record in the Old Testament, that King Solomon was growing nuts (identified as walnuts from some translators), but the chance of those nuts being besides almonds is quite remote, due to the almond nut picture that was used as symbols commonly in Hebrew icons and rock carving displays in Jerusalem within Solomon’s temple. The adaptability of almonds is a lot more likely for almond trees to succeed than for pine trees from the climate and soils of Israel.

A los griegos se les atribuyen las primeras mejoras certificadas en el tamaño y la calidad de este pino persa (Irán e Irak) ahora llamado nogal inglés, a través de la elección y el cultivo. Los romanos pronto establecieron los pinos persas en la mayor parte de Europa y en gran parte del norte de África, que hoy se conocen popularmente como nogales ingleses.

English Walnuts, ‘Juglans regia,’ were brought into the USA by Spanish missionaries in the early 1800’s by Franciscan monks, who settled along the California coast. Because the English walnut orchards, that were quickly established in Central California came from the seeds planted from these walnuts which grew in the Catholic missions, the walnuts were distributed and sold under the title’Mission Walnuts.’

Los cultivadores de nogales de California Central producen ahora el 99 por ciento del total de la oferta comercial de nueces inglesas de Estados Unidos. Esta capacidad de producción de California también genera el 65 por ciento del suministro mundial de nueces inglesas.

Famous chefs of the world use walnuts in various kinds of cuisines such as meats, vegetables, desserts, and soup preparations. A world renowned dessert–made from walnuts, honey, and paper-thin, buttered, flakes of crusts–is known as’Baklava.’

Important commercial kinds of walnuts which are grown now for gain are’Juglans regia,’ that the English (Persian) walnut, that’s principally grown and produced in america. Trees can live to an age of about 60 years and grow to approximately 60 feet tall at maturity.

Black walnut, ‘Juglans nigra,’ a native walnut tree in America is increased mainly from New England to Minnesota and Nebraska and southwards down to the Gulf of Mexico. The black walnut tree can grow to a height of 60 feet and can live past 100 years. Black walnut trees are grown mainly for their value in creating expensive furniturethe nuts are harvested in substantially large amounts to use in baking, ice cream, and in candies recipes. The nuts are easily shelled into big pieces if soaked overnight in water. The nuts are known for their crunchy taste, which is uniquely spicy and improved in its oil content.

Butternut or White walnut, ‘Juglans cinerea,’ is closely related to the black walnut,’Juglans nigra,’ that creates oblong shaped nuts, with a thick corrugated shell, 2 inches long with white kernels; richly flavored and favored by many individuals to have a superior flavor along with other cultivars of walnuts. The white walnut can grow 100 feet tall with a life expectancy of 75 years. The white walnut tree is the most cold hardy of walnut trees, growing vigorously in zones 3-9. The roots of those trees, such as black walnut trees, will exude a noxious chemical that kills other plants (phytotoxic) growing nearby, consequently other plant doesn’t grow well if located within 80 feet of the trunk of the tree. The tree has a wider, leafy canopy than other walnut trees, but the wood is poor and soft.

Granos de nuez

Se sabe que contienen muchos antioxidantes que ofrecen beneficios para la salud y que reducen el colesterol en el cuerpo, por lo que disminuyen el daño cardíaco de la enfermedad y conducen a una disminución dramática de los coagulantes grasos en las arterias y las venas. Las hojas se utilizan como laxante desde la antigüedad, y para inducir las náuseas, detener las hemorragias, detener la diarrea, como remedio a un montón de enfermedades de la piel y el herpes, y también para matar a los gusanos internos individuales. Los extractos de cáscara de nuez se utilizan para tratar problemas de hígado, para matar las tiñas y para ayudar a perder peso. Las nueces son excepcionalmente beneficiosas en el suministro de cada la colección de vitamina B, vitamina E, y un montón de minerales que son beneficiosos para mantener un cuerpo sano.

Walnut hulls have found many applications in a powdered state as a metal polish, as a thermal insulator in rocket nose cones and as a mysterious, secret ingredient in women’s cosmetics. Walnut tree extracts have been used for centuries to create ink and dyes. The Egyptians used walnut kernel oil to embalm mummies by replacing the blood with walnut oil.

Mitología griega

Documenta que Carya (nombre del género latino del nogal), que se enamoró del dios griego Dionisio, se transformó en un nogal a su paso. Las columnas de madera de pino (y posteriormente de mármol) de la Acrópolis que se alzan sobre la ciudad se transformaron en su imagen humana (catyatides) que ahora pueden encontrar los turistas en Atenas, Grecia.

Luther Burbank in 1893 introduced rapidly growing walnut tree hybrids that just required 15 decades of growth to reach adulthood, in place of the typical 50-60 decades of growth. One hybrid he called,”Paradox walnut tree,” Juglans x’Paradox’ by crossing the English walnut tree,’Juglans regia,’ with the California black walnut,’Juglans hindsii.’ This pine tree is used as a grafting understock for commercial cultivars. “Royal walnut tree,” Juglans x ‘Royal,’ by crossing the American black walnut tree, ‘Juglans nigra,’ with the California black walnut, ‘Juglans hindsii.’ This walnut tree still currently produces nearly a ton of nuts annually.

Otras especies pequeñas de nueces

They comprise the “Heartnut walnut tree,”‘Juglans ailantifolia,’ which is as hardy as the American black walnut, easily grown, very productive, particularly after the trees grow older. It bears strings of nuts sometimes 30 or more in one bunch that hangs down 1 foot in length. The kernels of these heartnut walnuts fall out to a container completely intact when the thin shells are cracked. Luther Burbank felt this walnut was an intermediate version of the Japanese walnut. The Manchurian walnut tree,’Juglans mandshurica,’ was introduced as a version of the Japanese walnut throughout the Civil War of the USA. The flavor of these nuts is considered hot and superior in flavor to other walnuts, while being crunchier. These trees grow to 100 feet tall or more and are cold hardy from zones 5 to 10. This pine tree generates a staple food crop in Korea (Manchuria). Many excellent food products are accessible using the nuts from this pine tree.