Allspice

Pimenta dioica fresh foliage

Pimenta officinalis, Pimenta dioica

Synonymes :
Jamaica Pepper, Duo Xiang Guo
Allspice (Wikipedia)

Allspice
Pimenta dioica - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-239.jpg
Illustration of twig, flowers, and fruits
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Myrtales
Family:Myrtaceae
Genus:Pimenta
Species:
P. dioica
Binomial name
Pimenta dioica
Synonyms
List
    • Caryophyllus pimenta (L.) Mill.
    • Eugenia micrantha Bertol.
    • Eugenia pimenta (L.) DC.
    • Evanesca crassifolia Raf. nom. illeg.
    • Evanesca micrantha Bertol.
    • Myrtus aromatica Poir. nom. illeg.
    • Myrtus aromatica Salisb. nom. illeg.
    • Myrtus dioica L.
    • Myrtus pimenta L.
    • Myrtus piperita Sessé & Moc.
    • Pimenta aromatica Kostel. nom. illeg.
    • Pimenta communis Benth. & Hook.f.
    • Pimenta officinalis Lindl.
    • Pimenta pimenta (L.) H.Karst. nom. inval.
    • Pimenta vulgaris Bello
    • Pimenta vulgaris Lindl.
    • Pimentus aromatica Raf. nom. illeg.
    • Pimentus geminata Raf.
    • Pimentus vera Raf. nom. illeg.
Piment flower
Piment flower in Uaxactún, north of Tikal National Park, Guatemala

Allspice, also known as Jamaica pepper, myrtle pepper, pimenta, or pimento, is the dried unripe berry of Pimenta dioica, a midcanopy tree native to the Greater Antilles, southern Mexico, and Central America, now cultivated in many warm parts of the world. The name "allspice" was coined as early as 1621 by the English, who valued it as a spice that combined the flavours of cinnamon, nutmeg, and clove.

Several unrelated fragrant shrubs are called "Carolina allspice" (Calycanthus floridus), "Japanese allspice" (Chimonanthus praecox), or "wild allspice" (Lindera benzoin).


Allspice (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

all + spice, as it was thought to combine the flavours of various other spices.

Pronunciation

Noun

allspice (countable and uncountable, plural allspices)

  1. (uncountable) A spice; the dried and ground unripe fruit of Pimenta dioica, thought to combine the flavours of several spices, such as cinnamon, nutmeg and cloves.
  2. (countable) Pimenta dioica, an evergreen tree of tropical America with aromatic berries.

Synonyms

  • (spice): Pimento
  • (tree): Jamaica pepper

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