Basil

fresh basil herb in pot

Ocimum basilicum

Synonymes :
Basilic doux
Basil (Wikipedia)

Basil
Basil-Basilico-Ocimum basilicum-albahaca.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Lamiales
Family:Lamiaceae
Genus:Ocimum
Species:
O. basilicum
Binomial name
Ocimum basilicum
Timelapse of growing basil
Desiccated basil showing seed dispersal
A female carpenter bee foraging on basil
Basil, fresh
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy94 kJ (22 kcal)
2.65 g
Dietary fiber1.6 g
0.64 g
3.15 g
VitaminsQuantity
%DV
Vitamin A equiv.
33%
264 μg
29%
3142 μg
Thiamine (B1)
3%
0.034 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
6%
0.076 mg
Niacin (B3)
6%
0.902 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5)
4%
0.209 mg
Vitamin B6
12%
0.155 mg
Folate (B9)
17%
68 μg
Choline
2%
11.4 mg
Vitamin C
22%
18.0 mg
Vitamin E
5%
0.80 mg
Vitamin K
395%
414.8 μg
MineralsQuantity
%DV
Calcium
18%
177 mg
Copper
19%
0.385 mg
Iron
24%
3.17 mg
Magnesium
18%
64 mg
Manganese
55%
1.148 mg
Phosphorus
8%
56 mg
Potassium
6%
295 mg
Selenium
0%
0.3 μg
Sodium
0%
4 mg
Zinc
9%
0.81 mg
Other constituentsQuantity
Water92.06 g
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA FoodData Central

Basil (/ˈbæzəl/, also US: /ˈbzəl/; Ocimum basilicum), also called great basil, is a culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae (mints).

Basil is native to tropical regions from central Africa to Southeast Asia. It is a tender plant, and is used in cuisines worldwide.

There are many varieties of basil, as well as several related species or hybrids also called basil. The type used commonly as a flavor is typically called sweet basil (or Genovese basil), as opposed to Thai basil (O. basilicum var. thyrsiflora), lemon basil (O. × citriodorum), and holy basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum). While most common varieties of basil are treated as annuals, some are perennial in warm, tropical climates, such as the closely related holy basil and hybrids such as African blue basil.

Basil (Wiktionary)

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation, Canada, General Australian) IPA(key): /ˈbæz.əl/
    • Rhymes: -æzəl
    • Homophone: Basil
  • (Canada, US) IPA(key): /ˈbeɪz.əl/
    • Rhymes: -eɪzəl

Etymology 1

From Old French basile, from Medieval Latin basilicum, from Ancient Greek βασιλικόν (basilikón, royal), from βασιλεύς (basileús, king).

Noun

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