Bayberry

Red bayberry,Arbutus  on the wood table background

Myrica Cerifera

Myrica (Wikipedia)

Myrica
Gagelstrauch(Myrica gale)female.JPG
Female Myrica gale plant
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Fagales
Family:Myricaceae
Genus:Myrica
L.
Type species
Myrica gale
Species

See text

Synonyms
  • Angeia Tidestr.
  • Cerophora Raf.
  • Cerothamnus Tidestr.
  • Faya Webb & Berthel.
  • Fayana Raf.
  • Gale Duhamel
  • Morella Lour.
  • Pimecaria Raf.

Myrica /mɪˈrkə/ is a genus of about 35–50 species of small trees and shrubs in the family Myricaceae, order Fagales. The genus has a wide distribution, including Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and South America, and missing only from Australia. Some botanists split the genus into two genera on the basis of the catkin and fruit structure, restricting Myrica to a few species, and treating the others in Morella.

Common names include bayberry, bay-rum tree, candleberry, sweet gale, and wax-myrtle. The generic name was derived from the Greek word μυρίκη (myrike), meaning "fragrance".

Bayberry (Wiktionary)

English

Wikispecies

Etymology

From bay +‎ berry.

Noun

bayberry (plural bayberries)

  1. (Canada, US) The fruit of the wax myrtle shrub; or the plant itself (Morella cerifera), with aromatic, leathery leaves and waxy berries.
    1. Other species in the family Myricaceae, especially in genus Myrica; bay-rum tree, candleberry.
  2. The fruit of the bay laurel (Laurus nobilis).
    • 1665, Robert Hooke, Micrographica, XLIII:
      [T]heir shape was much like a Figg, but very much smaller, some being about the bigness of a Bay-berry, others, and the biggest, of a Hazel-Nut.
  3. West Indian bay tree (Pimenta racemosa), a tropical American shrub with aromatic leaves
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