Sanguinaria canadensis, bloodroot, is a perennial, herbaceous flowering plant native to eastern North America. It is the only species in the genus Sanguinaria, included in the poppy family Papaveraceae, and most closely related to Eomecon of eastern Asia.
Sanguinaria canadensis is also known as Canada puccoon, bloodwort, redroot, red puccoon, and black paste. Plants are variable in leaf and flower shape, and have been separated as a different subspecies due to these variable shapes, indicating a highly variable species.
In bloodroot, the juice is red and poisonous. Products made from sanguinaria extracts, such as black salve, are escharotic and can cause permanent disfiguring scarring. There is no scientific evidence that it has any medicinal value for treating diseases.
blood + root
bloodroot (usually uncountable, plural bloodroots)
- A North American plant, Sanguinaria canadensis, of the poppy family, which has a red root and sap and a single white flower in early spring.
- (Sanguinaria canadensis): bloodwort, red puccoon root, pauson, tetterwort