Carotte

A variety of colourful heritage carrots on an outdoor market stall

Daucus Carota Sativa

Carrot (Wikipedia)

Carrot
Vegetable-Carrot-Bundle-wStalks.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Apiales
Family:Apiaceae
Genus:Daucus
Species:
Subspecies:
D. c. subsp. sativus
Trinomial name
Daucus carota subsp. sativus
Synonyms
  • Carota sativa (Hoffm.) Rupr.
  • Daucus sativus (Hoffm.)

The carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus) is a root vegetable, typically orange in color, though purple, black, red, white, and yellow cultivars exist, all of which are domesticated forms of the wild carrot, Daucus carota, native to Europe and Southwestern Asia. The plant probably originated in Persia and was originally cultivated for its leaves and seeds. The most commonly eaten part of the plant is the taproot, although the stems and leaves are also eaten. The domestic carrot has been selectively bred for its greatly enlarged, more palatable, less woody-textured taproot.

The carrot is a biennial plant in the umbellifer family, Apiaceae. At first, it grows a rosette of leaves while building up the enlarged taproot. Fast-growing cultivars mature within three months (90 days) of sowing the seed, while slower-maturing cultivars need a month longer (120 days). The roots contain high quantities of alpha- and beta-carotene, and are a good source of vitamin K and vitamin B6.

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) reports that world production of carrots and turnips (these plants are combined by the FAO) for 2018 was 40 million tonnes, with 45% of the world total grown in China. Carrots are widely used in many cuisines, especially in the preparation of salads, and carrot salads are a tradition in many regional cuisines.

Carrot (Wiktionary)

English

Wikispecies

Etymology

From Middle English karette and Middle French carotte, both from Latin carōta, from Ancient Greek καρῶτον (karôton). Doublet of carotte.

  • Noun sense of "motivational tool" refers to carrot and stick.
  • Verb sense in felt manufacture refers to the orange colour of drying furs.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) enPR: kâr'ət, IPA(key): /ˈkæɹ.ət/; enPR: kĕr'ət, IPA(key): /ˈkɛɹ.ət/
  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: kâr'ət, IPA(key): /ˈkæɹ.ət/
...
« Retour à l'index du glossaire