Poivre de Cayenne

Growing Red Peppers At Home

Capsicum annuum ‘Cayenne’

Synonymes :
La Jiao
Cayenne_pepper (Wikipedia)

Cayenne pepper
Capsicum annuum - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-027.jpg
SpeciesC. annuum
Heat Hot
Scoville scale30,000–50,000 SHU
A large red cayenne
Thai peppers, a cayenne-type pepper
Capsicum frutescens

The cayenne pepper is a type of Capsicum annuum. It is usually a moderately hot chili pepper used to flavor dishes. Cayenne peppers are a group of tapering, 10 to 25 cm long, generally skinny, mostly red-colored peppers, often with a curved tip and somewhat rippled skin, which hang from the bush as opposed to growing upright. Most varieties are generally rated at 30,000 to 50,000 Scoville units.

The fruits are generally dried and ground to make the powdered spice of the same name, although cayenne powder may be a blend of different types of peppers, quite often not containing cayenne peppers, and may or may not contain the seeds.

Cayenne is used in cooking spicy dishes either as a powder or in its whole form. It is also used as an herbal supplement.

Cayenne Pepper (Wiktionary)



From Old Tupi quiínia (hot pepper), later associated with Cayenne.


cayenne pepper (countable and uncountable, plural cayenne peppers)

  1. Any of several very hot chilli peppers.
    Synonym: cayenne
  2. A powder condiment or spice formed from the dried chilli pepper varieties above.


Further reading

  • cayenne pepper on Wikipedia.Wikipedia


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