Datura

Sacred Datura flower in the wild also known as: Western Jimsom Weed,Nightshade, indian whiskey

Datura stramonium

Synonymes :
Devil's Trumpet, Thorn Apple
Datura_stramonium (Wikipedia)

Jimsonweed
Datura stramonium 2 (2005 07 07).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Solanales
Family:Solanaceae
Genus:Datura
Species:
D. stramonium
Binomial name
Datura stramonium
Synonyms
Synonymy
  • Datura bernhardii Lundstr.
  • Datura bertolonii Parl. ex Guss.
  • Datura cabanesii P.Fourn.
  • Datura capensis Bernh.
  • Datura ferocissima Cabanès & P.Fourn.
  • Datura ferox Nees 1834 not L. 1756
  • Datura hybrida Ten.
  • Datura inermis Juss. ex Jacq.
  • Datura laevis L.f.
  • Datura loricata Sieber ex Bernh.
  • Datura lurida Salisb.
  • Datura microcarpa Godr.
  • Datura muricata Godr. 1873 not Bernh. 1818 nor Link 1821
  • Datura parviflora Salisb.
  • Datura praecox Godr.
  • Datura pseudostramonium Sieber ex Bernh.
  • Datura tatula L.
  • Datura wallichii Dunal
  • Stramonium foetidum Scop.
  • Stramonium laeve Moench
  • Stramonium spinosum Lam.
  • Stramonium tatula Moench
  • Stramonium vulgare Moench
  • Stramonium vulgatum Gaertn.

Datura stramonium, known by the common names thorn apple, jimsonweed (jimson weed), devil's snare, or devil's trumpet, is a species of flowering plant in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Its likely origin was in Central America, and it has been introduced in many world regions. It is an aggressive invasive weed in temperate climates across the world. D. stramonium has frequently been employed in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments. It has also been used as a hallucinogen (of the anticholinergic/antimuscarinic, deliriant type), taken entheogenically to cause intense, sacred or occult visions. It is unlikely ever to become a major drug of abuse owing to effects upon both mind and body frequently perceived subjectively as being highly unpleasant, giving rise to a state of profound and long-lasting disorientation or delirium (anticholinergic syndrome) with a potentially fatal outcome. It contains tropane alkaloids which are responsible for the psychoactive effects, and may be severely toxic.

Datura (Wiktionary)

English

Wikispecies

Etymology

From the genus name.

Noun

datura (plural daturas)

  1. A plant of the genus Datura, known for its trumpet-shaped flowers and poisonous properties. [from 16th c.]
    • 1985, Wade Davis, The Serpent and the Rainbow, Simon & Schuster, p. 37:
      Datura did grow in Haiti, three species, all of them introduced from the Old World.
    • 2008, Amitav Ghosh, Sea of Poppies, Penguin 2015, p. 38:
      It was a decoction of datura that wrung the truth from the old woman, by sending her into a trance from which she never recovered.

Related terms

  • daturametelin
  • datumetine
  • datumetixone
  • daturilin
...
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