La Grande Molène

mullein plant with yellow flowers
Catégories : Plantes médicinales
Verbascum_thapsus (Wikipedia)

Verbascum thapsus
Starr 040723-0030 Verbascum thapsus.jpg
Second-year plant starting to flower, with a dead stem of the previous year, behind left
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Lamiales
Family:Scrophulariaceae
Genus:Verbascum
Species:
V. thapsus
Binomial name
Verbascum thapsus

Verbascum thapsus, the great mullein, greater mullein, or common mullein, is a species of mullein native to Europe, northern Africa, and Asia, and introduced in the Americas and Australia.

It is a hairy biennial plant that can grow to 2 m tall or more. Its small, yellow flowers are densely grouped on a tall stem, which grows from a large rosette of leaves. It grows in a wide variety of habitats, but prefers well-lit, disturbed soils, where it can appear soon after the ground receives light, from long-lived seeds that persist in the soil seed bank. It is a common weedy plant that spreads by prolifically producing seeds, and has become invasive in temperate world regions. It is a minor problem for most agricultural crops, since it is not a competitive species, being intolerant of shade from other plants and unable to survive tilling. It also hosts many insects, some of which can be harmful to other plants. Although individuals are easy to remove by hand, populations are difficult to eliminate permanently.

Although commonly used in traditional medicine, no approved drugs are made from this plant. It has been used to make dyes and torches.

Great Mullein (Wiktionary)

English

Noun

great mullein (usually uncountable, plural great mulleins)

  1. A common herb of Europe and neighboring Africa and Asia, but widely naturalized elsewhere, Verbascum thapsus, having a flannel-like texture from course plant hairs and a tall, straight flower stalk.
    Synonym: hag-taper
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