Commiphora wightii, dont les noms communs sont bdellium indien ou myrrhe de Mukul, est une plante à fleurs de la famille des Burseraceae, qui produit une résine parfumée appelée gugal, utilisée dans l'encens et la médecine védique.

Commiphora wightii, Commiphora mukul

Synonymes :
Arbre à myrrhe Mukul, Bdellium indien
Guggul (Wikipedia)

Commiphora wightii
Guggul at natural habitat.jpeg
Guggul tree in its natural habitat
Scientific classification edit
C. wightii
Binomial name
Commiphora wightii
  • Commiphora mukul (Stocks) Hook.
  • Commiphora roxburghii (Stocks) Engl.
Guggul fruit
Guggul resin

Commiphora wightii, with common names Indian bdellium-tree, gugal, guggul, gugul, or mukul myrrh tree, is a flowering plant in the family Burseraceae, which produces a fragrant resin called gugal, guggul or gugul, that is used in incense and vedic medicine (or ayurveda). The species is native to southern Pakistan and western India. It prefers arid and semi-arid climates and is tolerant of poor soil.

Guggul (Wiktionary)



guggul (uncountable)

  1. Commiphora wightii, a flowering plant most common in northern India, with thin papery bark and thorny branches; resin extracted from the plant, used in traditional medicine.
    • 2006, Sandeep Kumar, S. S. Suri, K. C. Sonie, K. G. Ramawat, Development of Biotechnology for Commiphora wightii: A Potent Source of Natural Hypolipidemic and Hypocholesterolemic Drug, P. S. Srivastava, Sheela Srivastava, Alka Narula (editors), Plant Biotechnology and Molecular Markers, page 132,
      In ancient times, guggul was used primarily as treatment for inflammatory conditions, including arthritis.
    • 2011, Rajarajeswari Sivalenka, Mangathayaru Putrevu, Chapter 15: Ayurvedic Ingredients in Cosmetics, Nava Dayan, Lambros Kromidas (editors), Formulating, Packaging, and Marketing of Natural Cosmetic Products, page 298,
      Guggul, the sticky gum resin from the Mukul myrrh tree, plays a major role in the traditional herbal medicine
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