Kava

Du kava séché sur un marché aux Fidji.

Piper methysticum

Synonymes :
Kawa Kawa
Kava (Wikipedia)

Kava
Starr 070515-7054 Piper methysticum.jpg
Piper methysticum leaves
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Magnoliids
Order:Piperales
Family:Piperaceae
Genus:Piper
Species:
P. methysticum
Binomial name
Piper methysticum

Kava or kava kava (Piper methysticum: Latin 'pepper' and Latinized Greek 'intoxicating') is a crop of the Pacific Islands. The name kava is from Tongan and Marquesan, meaning 'bitter'; other names for kava include ʻawa (Hawaiʻi), ʻava (Samoa), yaqona or yagona (Fiji), sakau (Pohnpei), seka (Kosrae), and malok or malogu (parts of Vanuatu). Kava is consumed for its sedating effects throughout the Pacific Ocean cultures of Polynesia, including Hawaii, Vanuatu, Melanesia, and some parts of Micronesia, such as Palau. To a lesser extent, it is consumed in nations where it is exported as a herbal medicine.

The root of the plant is used to produce a drink with sedative, anesthetic, and euphoriant properties. Its active ingredients are called kavalactones. A systematic review done by the British nonprofit Cochrane concluded it was likely to be more effective than placebo at treating short-term anxiety.

Moderate consumption of kava in its traditional form, i.e., as a water-based suspension of kava roots, has been deemed to present an "acceptably low level of health risk" by the World Health Organization. However, consumption of kava extracts produced with organic solvents, or excessive amounts of poor-quality kava products, may be linked to an increased risk of adverse health outcomes, including potential liver injury.

Kava (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Tongan kava, in turn from Proto-Polynesian *kawa.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /kɑː.və/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːvə

Noun

kava (countable and uncountable, plural kavas)

  1. A plant from the South Pacific, Piper methysticum.
  2. An intoxicating beverage made from the kava plant.

Translations


Esperanto

Etymology

From kavo (cave, cavity, hollow, pit) +‎ -a.

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