Luzerne

Fleur isolée de luzerne. La luzerne, Medicago sativa, également appelée luzerne, est une plante à fleurs vivace de la famille des pois. Elle est cultivée comme une importante culture fourragère dans de nombreux pays du monde.

Medicago sativa

Alfalfa (Wikipedia)

Alfalfa
75 Medicago sativa L.jpg
Medicago sativa
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Fabales
Family:Fabaceae
Genus:Medicago
Section:M. sect. Medicago
Species:
M. sativa
Binomial name
Medicago sativa
Subspecies
  • M. sativa subsp. ambigua (Trautv.) Tutin
  • M. sativa subsp. microcarpa Urban
  • M. sativa subsp. sativa
  • M. sativa subsp. varia (T. Martyn) Arcang.
Synonyms
List
    • Medica sativa Lam.
    • Medicago afganica (Bordere) Vassilcz.
    • Medicago beipinensis Vassilcz.
    • Medicago coerulea Ledeb. [Spelling variant]
    • Medicago grandiflora (Grossh.) Vassilcz.
    • Medicago hemicycla Grossh.
    • Medicago ladak Vassilcz.
    • Medicago lavrenkoi Vassilcz.
    • Medicago media Pers.
    • Medicago mesopotamica Vassilcz.
    • Medicago ochroleuca Kult.
    • Medicago orientalis Vassilcz.
    • Medicago polia (Brand) Vassilcz.
    • Medicago praesativa Sinskaya
    • Medicago rivularis Vassilcz.
    • Medicago sogdiana (Brand) Vassilcz.
    • Medicago subdicycla (Trautv.) Vassilcz.
    • Medicago sylvestris Fr.
    • Medicago tianschanica Vassilcz.
    • Medicago tibetana (Alef.) Vassilcz.
    • Medicago trautvetteri Sumnev.
    • Medicago varia Martyn
    • Trigonella upendrae H.J.Chowdhery & R.R.Rao

Alfalfa (/ælˈfælfə/) (Medicago sativa), also called lucerne, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae. It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. It is used for grazing, hay, and silage, as well as a green manure and cover crop. The name alfalfa is used in North America. The name lucerne is the more commonly used name in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. The plant superficially resembles clover (a cousin in the same family), especially while young, when trifoliate leaves comprising round leaflets predominate. Later in maturity, leaflets are elongated. It has clusters of small purple flowers followed by fruits spiralled in 2 to 3 turns containing 10–20 seeds. Alfalfa is native to warmer temperate climates. It has been cultivated as livestock fodder since at least the era of the ancient Greeks and Romans. Alfalfa sprouts are a common ingredient in dishes made in South Indian cuisine.

Alfalfa (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Spanish alfalfa, from early form alfalfez, from Arabic الْفِصْفِصَة(al-fiṣfiṣa), الْفَصْفَصَة(al-faṣfaṣa, alfalfa, lucerne, literally horse-food).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ælˈfælfə/

Noun

alfalfa (countable and uncountable, plural alfalfas)

  1. (uncountable) A plant, principally of Medicago sativa, grown as a pasture crop.
    Synonym: lucerne (British)
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