Neem

Huile ayurvédique de neem

Azadirachta indica

Neem (Wikipedia)

Neem
Neem (Azadirachta indica) in Hyderabad W IMG 6976.jpg
Flowers and leaves
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Sapindales
Family:Meliaceae
Genus:Azadirachta
Species:
A. indica
Binomial name
Azadirachta indica
A.Juss., 1830
Synonyms
List
    • Antelaea azadirachta (L.) Adelb.
    • Antelaea canescens Cels ex Heynh.
    • Antelaea javanica Gaertn.
    • Azadirachta indica subsp. vartakii Kothari, Londhe & N.P.Singh
    • Melia azadirachta L.
    • Melia fraxinifolia Salisb.
    • Melia hasskarlii K.Koch
    • Melia indica (A.Juss.) Brandis
    • Melia japonica Hassk.
    • Melia parviflora Moon
    • Melia pinnata Stokes

Azadirachta indica, commonly known as neem, nimtree or Indian lilac, and in Nigeria called dogoyaro or dogonyaro, is a tree in the mahogany family Meliaceae. It is one of two species in the genus Azadirachta, and is native to the Indian subcontinent and most of the countries in Africa. It is typically grown in tropical and semi-tropical regions. Neem trees also grow on islands in southern Iran. Its fruits and seeds are the source of neem oil.

Neem (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Hindi नीम (nīm), from Sanskrit निम्ब (nimba).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /niːm/

Noun

neem (plural neems)

  1. Azadirachta indica, a large, mostly evergreen tree from India, whose seeds yield the insecticide azadirachtin.
    • 2008, Aravind Adiga, The White Tiger, Atlantic 2009, p. 108:
      He was standing at the gate, rubbing his teeth with a twig broken from a neem tree – which is what many poor people in my country do, Mr Premier, when they want to clean their teeth.

Synonyms

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