Noyer noir

fruits of black walnut tree

Juglans nigra

Juglans_nigra (Wikipedia)

Eastern black walnut
Black Walnut nut and leave detail.JPG
Leaves and fruit
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Fagales
Family:Juglandaceae
Genus:Juglans
Section:Juglans sect. Rhysocaryon
Species:
J. nigra
Binomial name
Juglans nigra
Juglans nigra range map 1.png
Natural range

Juglans nigra, the eastern American black walnut, is a species of deciduous tree in the walnut family, Juglandaceae, native to North America. It grows mostly in riparian zones, from southern Ontario, west to southeast South Dakota, south to Georgia, northern Florida and southwest to central Texas. Wild trees in the upper Ottawa Valley may be an isolated native population or may have derived from planted trees.

Black walnut is an important tree commercially, as the wood is a deep brown color and easily worked. Walnut seeds (nuts) are cultivated for their distinctive and desirable taste. Walnut trees are grown both for lumber and food, and many cultivars have been developed for improved quality wood or nuts. Black walnut is susceptible to thousand cankers disease that provoked a decline of walnut trees in some regions.

Black walnut is known for being allelopathic, which means that it releases chemicals from its roots and other tissues that harm other organisms and give the tree a competitive advantage.

Black Walnut (Wiktionary)

English

Noun

black walnut (countable and uncountable, plural black walnuts)

  1. Juglans nigra, a tree native to eastern North America.
  2. The nuts of the aforementioned tree.
  3. The wood of the aforementioned species.

Synonyms

  • (Juglans nigra): eastern black walnut

Translations

Further reading

  • black walnut on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Juglans nigra on Wikispecies.Wikispecies
  • Juglans nigra on Wikimedia Commons.Wikimedia Commons
  • black walnut at USDA Plants database
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