|Distribution of Bactris gasipaes.|
Guilielma gasipaes (Kunth) L.H.Bailey
Bactris gasipaes is a species of palm native to the tropical forests of Central and South America. It is well spread in these regions, where it is often cultivated by smallholders in agroforestry systems or more rarely, in monoculture. Common names include peach palm in English, pijiguao or chontaduro in Spanish and pupunha in Portuguese. It is a long-lived perennial plant that is productive for 50 to 75 years on average. Its population has an important genetic diversity, leading to numerous fruits, colors, and qualities. The fruits are edible and nutritious but need to be cooked for 30 minutes to five hours. They also benefit many animals in the wild. Peach-palms are also cultivated for the heart of palm, and the trunk can make valuable timber.
peach palm (plural peach palms)
- A South American palm tree with fleshy, edible fruit, Bactris gasipaes.
- Synonyms: peewah (Trinidad and Tobago), pupunha