Senna

Chinois ; Senna ; Cassia
Synonymes :
Cassia, Jue Ming Zi
Catégories : Plantes médicinales
Senna_obtusifolia (Wikipedia)

Senna obtusifolia
Senna obtusifolia with flower and pods.jpg

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Fabales
Family:Fabaceae
Genus:Senna
Species:
S. obtusifolia
Binomial name
Senna obtusifolia
Synonyms

Numerous, see text

Senna obtusifolia, known by the common names Chinese senna, American sicklepod, sicklepod, etc., is a plant in the genus Senna, sometimes separated in the monotypic genus Diallobus. It grows wild in North, Central, and South America, Asia, Africa, and Oceania, and is considered a particularly serious weed in many places. It has a long-standing history of confusion with Senna tora and that taxon in many sources actually refers to the present species.

In the traditional medicine of Eastern Asia, the seeds are called jué míng zǐ in Chinese, gyeolmyeongja in Korean, and ketsumeishi in Japanese (simplified: 决明子; traditional: 決明子).

The green leaves of the plant are fermented to produce a high-protein food product called "kawal" which is eaten by many people in Sudan as a meat substitute. Its leaves, seeds, and root are also used in folk medicine, primarily in Asia. It is believed to possess a laxative effect, as well as to be beneficial for the eyes. As a folk remedy, the seeds are often roasted, then boiled in water to produce a tea. The plant's seeds are a commercial source of cassia gum, a food additive usually used as a thickener and named for the Chinese Senna's former placement in the genus Cassia. Roasted and ground, the seeds have also been used as a substitute for coffee.

Senna (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Arabic سَنَا(sanā, senna)

Noun

senna (countable and uncountable, plural sennas)

  1. (countable) Any of several plants of the tribe Cassieae, especially those of the genera Cassia and Senna, whose leaves and pods are used as a purgative and laxative.
  2. (uncountable) The dried leaves or pods of these plants (especially of Senna alexandrina, syn. Cassia angustifolia or Cassia acutifolia), used medicinally.
  3. (medicine) Senna glycoside, a laxative.

Derived terms

  • American senna
  • bladder
...
« Retour à l'index du glossaire