Calophyllum inophyllum is a large evergreen plant, commonly called tamanu, mastwood, beach calophyllum or beautyleaf. It is native to tropical Asia and Wallacea. Due to its importance as a source of timber for the traditional shipbuilding of large outrigger ships, it has been spread in prehistoric times by the migrations of the Austronesian peoples to the islands of Oceania and Madagascar, along with other members of the genus Calophyllum. It has since been naturalized in regions in the East African coast. It is also a source of the culturally important tamanu oil.
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tamanu (plural tamanus)
- A tree (Calophyllum inophyllum), widely distributed in the Pacific islands, that is a source of a resin, and a bitter oil (tamanol)
- Mantua, mantua