Oreille de bois

Un groupe de champignons de l'oreille en gelée (Auricularia auricula-judae) pousse sur un arbre à The Ercall près de Telford, dans le Shropshire, en Angleterre.
Synonymes :
Champignon d'oreille en gelée
Catégories : Plantes médicinales

Auricularia auricula-judae
Auricularia auricula-judae 64485.JPG
A young specimen growing on fallen wood
Scientific classification
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A. auricula-judae
Binomial name
Auricularia auricula-judae
Synonyms
Species synonymy
  • 1753 Tremella auricula L.
  • 1777 Peziza auricula (L.) Lightf.
  • 1788 Merulius auricula (L.) Roth
  • 1789 Tremella auricula-judae Bull.
  • 1791 Peziza auricula-judae (Bull.) Bull.
  • 1801 Tremella auricula-judae var. caraganae Pers.
  • 1812 Tremella caraganae (Pers.) H. Mart.
  • 1821 Gyraria auricularis Gray
  • 1822 Exidia auricula-judae (Bull.) Fr.
  • 1822 Auricularia sambuci Pers.
  • 1860 Hirneola auricula-judae (Bull.) Berk.
  • 1880 Hirneola auricula (L.) P. Karst.
  • 1886 Auricularia auricula-judae var. lactea Quél.
  • 1902 Auricularia auricula (L.) Underw.
  • 1913 Auricularia lactea (Quél.) Bigeard & H. Guill.
  • 1943 Auricularia auricularis (Gray) G.W. Martin
  • 1949 Hirneola auricularis (Gray) Donk
  • 1970 Hirneola auricula-judae var. lactea (Quél.) D.A. Reid
Auricularia auricula-judae
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
smooth hymenium
no distinct cap
hymenium attachment is not applicable
lacks a stipe
spore print is white
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: choice

Auricularia auricula-judae, known most commonly as wood ear or black wood ear (alternatively, black fungus,[citation needed] jelly ear, tree ear, or by a number of other common names), is a species of edible Auriculariales fungus found worldwide. The fruiting body is distinguished by its noticeably ear-like shape and brown colouration; it grows upon wood, especially elder. Its specific epithet is derived from the belief that Judas Iscariot hanged himself from an elder tree; the common name "Judas's ear" was largely eclipsed by the corruption "Jew's ear". Today, "wood ear", "jelly ear", "tree ear", and other names are sometimes used. The fungus can be found throughout the year in temperate regions worldwide, where it grows upon both dead and living wood.

In the West, A. auricula-judae was used in folk medicine as recently as the 19th century for complaints including sore throats, sore eyes and jaundice, and as an astringent. Although it is not widely consumed in the West, it has long been popular in China, to the extent that Australia exported large volumes to China in the early twentieth century. Today, the fungus is a popular ingredient in many Chinese dishes, such as hot and sour soup, and also used in Chinese medicine. It is also used in Ghana, as a blood tonic. Modern research into possible medical applications has variously concluded that A. auricula-judae has antitumour, hypoglycemic, anticoagulant and cholesterol-lowering properties.

Wood Ear (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

Calque of Chinese 木耳 (mù'ěr)

Noun

wood ear (usually uncountable, plural wood ears)

  1. An edible fungus in the genus Auricularia, having a shape resembling an ear and which grows on wood.

Translations

Further reading

  • wood ear at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • Auricularia on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Auricularia on Wikispecies.Wikispecies
  • Auricularia on Wikimedia Commons.Wikimedia Commons

Anagrams

  • Earwood
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