Close up of woman hands using lancet on finger to check blood sugar level by Glucose meter using as Medicine, diabetes, glycemia, health care and people concept.

People with diabetes are typically concerned about their blood sugars, particularly if they’re experiencing higher than normal glucose levels, because that’s the significant diabetic problem in life that a person who has diabetes normally has to take care of. But it’s also critical for the diabetic to know about a situation that is “reverse” to elevated glucose levels, a condition that doctors call hypoglycemia.


It is characterized by an abnormally low level of blood glucose. The sugar transported in the bloodstream, known as glucose, is a vital nutrient for the human body and is the body’s most important source of energy, needed continuously from the body’s cells.

Episodes of hypoglycemia aren’t common and aren’t often experienced by the majority of adult diabetics or diabetic children of 10 years and older, but they do occur and the condition should be quickly recognized and treated immediately when it does.


Hyoglycemia must be treated immediately as it can get progressively worse in a comparatively short time, sometimes after a large number of minutes, and may lead eventually to further issues and in some extreme instances, it can turn into a life-threatening event.

From my own experience as a diabetic I guess that the majority of my fellow diabetics have had a few such lower than normal blood glucose occurrences. Food is the source of the blood sugars, particularly the carbohydrate content of meals.

One reason that a hypoglycemic event might occur in a diabetic person is if they’ve not eaten any food for too long a time period. An additional or other cause might be when they’ve intentionally avoided consuming carbs, ironic perhaps, due to not eating carbohydrates they desire to fight their own above normal blood sugars which they know can be brought on by a high carbohydrate intake.

As the avoidance of too many high-carbohydrate foods is a standard recommendation in treating diabetes, so too is your recommendation to take part in some sort of exercise. However, sometimes too much exercise may lead to blood sugar issues. The muscles involved in exercise demand glucose, and low blood glucose may happen after having been involved in vigorous exercise at a time once the body has inadequate blood glucose to provide the essential energy for the excess activity.

Le saviez-vous ?

For the individual with diabetes, it’s not easy to understand, without taking a blood test, whether they have above normal blood glucose levels but in the case of lower than normal blood sugars, the symptoms experienced are generally apparent. When sugar levels become too low it may have an impact on the mind and often a feeling of confusion and an inability to carry out routine tasks becomes evident. Should that happen, fortunately it can act as a warning, an alert to the diabetic who’s acquainted with such symptoms to take immediate action to rectify the situation, usually by eating food which could offer a fast boost of sugar for their system.

Some other recognizable possible symptoms are sweating, anxiety and a feeling of unease, trembling hands, maybe heart palpitations, hunger pangs, blurred vision or other visual disturbances.

The main issue is to know what to do if and when it occurs. Whenever a low blood glucose event occurs, a prompt response is required.

The quick solution would be to drink or eat a fast-acting sugar food thing. The condition has happened frequently enough to me to know exactly what to do, my own choice would be to first drink half a glass of apple juice and I try to always keep a supply of apple juice available.

Take note

Possible food items to raise blood sugar levels back to normal, any one of these:

  • a half glass or half cup, 4 oz, of lemon juice, orange juice, or fruit juice
  • teaspoon of sugar or honey
  • sugar tablets, usual 3 or 4 are adequate
  • 5 or 6 pieces of hard candy
  • an 8-ounce glass of milk
  • a half glass of non-diet soda
  • Something comprising about 15 g of carbohydrate like a fast acting energy bar or a serving of glucose-gel snack.


Be Prepared for an emergency Though it is a rare occasion. If a hypoglycemic event isn’t immediately treated and then progresses to a more critical stage, it may cause a diabetic coma or seizure, even to the extent of becoming life threatening, I’m reluctant to state death but it can occur. How this is known to occur underscores the need to be prepared for an emergency of any level. Try to always have the right source of a fast acting sugar source readily available.